"Green" Hydrogen: What role for ECAs?

(ECA Watch, Ottawa, 30 January 2023) A series of articles appearing in our Google Alert searches for "export Credit" point to a number of interesting pieces on ECAs and hydrogen. The IEA has forecasted the global green hydrogen market to grow from almost zero in 2021 to 9-14 metric tons per annum (mtpa) in 2030 and 125-300 mtpa by 2050. Exports are expected to account for 12 mtpa of low-carbon hydrogen by 2030, of which approximately 90% is expected to be "green" hydrogen. Today, less than one percent of current hydrogen production is low-carbon. This means most of the hydrogen we make comes from fossil fuel plants that release carbon into the atmosphere. Development of the green hydrogen industry will require substantial capital and the financing for such projects will have to borrow more from the precedents of offshore wind and LNG undertakings, an Oxford Institute for Energy Studies said in its latest study. That study is based on the project financing cost of what it called an ‘archetype’ project wherein 1 GW of solar power is used to make green hydrogen, which is converted to 250,000 tons per annum  green ammonia for export with a capital cost of $2 billion. Last month’s second Green Hydrogen Summit in Muscat brought together leaders in every aspect of the hydrogen value chain from production and transportation to applications and storage.  Spearheaded by the Omani government, the Summit demonstrated the Sultanate’s ambition to be a global leader in green hydrogen.