ECA Watch Newsletter

What's New June 2022

What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today!

Japanese Civil Society welcomes halt of Bangladesh & Indonesian coal projects and Russian LNG project

(JACSES, Tokyo, 22 June 2022) It has been reported that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced to halt Official Development Assistance (ODA) to the Matarbari 2 in Bangladesh and the Indramayu coal-fired power project in Indonesia. Both projects have been strongly criticized internationally with repeated calls for the suspension of support, as they not only exacerbate the climate crisis, but also have a huge impact on the livelihoods of local people. However, in Bangladesh, construction of the Matarbari 1 coal-fired projects which has already been supported by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), has caused unemployment of many local people who made their livelihoods by salt pans and farming shrimp. And delays in compensation payments and alternative housing have made their lives more difficult. There has also been unauthorized reclamation of riverbed due to dumping sediments which was associated with the construction of an access road. These sites and structures were also planned to be used in Matarbari 2. As noted Japan is one of the world’s largest financiers of oil, gas and coal. In addition Japanese ECA JBIC has suspended funding for Russian gas producer Novatek’s major Arctic LNG project, adding yet further strain to a development that has been hard hit by western sanctions.

http://jacses.org/en/353/


G7 ministers pledge end to fossil fuel finance amid signs of backsliding on commitments

(Global Trade Review, London, 1 June 2022) Following talks in Berlin on May 27, G7 climate, energy and environment ministers issued a communique in which they promised to halt new public finance for the unabated fossil fuel sector by the end of the year, except in “limited circumstances clearly defined by each country that are consistent with a 1.5 degrees Celsius warming limit”. All G7 nations bar Japan – one of the world’s largest financiers of oil, gas and coal – made a near identical pledge at the Cop26 climate summit in Glasgow in November. [Japan however did join this recent G7 statement.] Data from Oil Change International show G7 countries have upped their exposure to fossil fuels since 2017, despite growing climate concerns. Between 2018 and 2020, they provided US$100bn towards oil, gas and coal projects through export credit agencies (ECAs) or development finance institutions – over four times their contribution towards clean energy. Western ECAs have broadly moved to cut their exposure to fossil fuels, with members of the OECD Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits formally banning support for unabated coal-fired power projects in late 2021, despite reported pushback from certain countries, including Japan and Australia, to the proposal.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/sustainability/g7-ministers-pledge-end-to-fossil-f...


UKEF named best sustainable finance ECA despite continued review of Mozambique LNG

UK Export Finance (UKEF), was named the world’s best for sustainable finance at the TXF Global Export Finance Conference in Lisbon on Tuesday.June 7 despite its continued promotion of a $1.5 billion LNG project in Mozambique.UKEF claims to allocate £3.6 billion to "sustainable" projects, or 49% of its £7.4 billion 2021/22 expenditures, defining them as clean energy, healthcare and critical infrastructure projects. Critical infrastructure however included £1.1 billion for Turkey's 500 km electric railway, a lower-carbon alternative to current air and road travel, but hardly a "green" investment.Last autumn, Global Trade Review reported the government’s own inquiry into aid provided by the agency, which revealed that nearly 90% of the £12.3bn of support it committed in 2020/21 went to just nine companies. In terms of geographical spread, 92% of UKEF’s support in 2020/21 went to just 10 countries, with Qatar, Egypt and Mozambique together receiving nearly two-thirds of the total.

https://www.export.org.uk/news/608017/UK-Export-Finance-named-worlds-best-export...


Kuwait's state oil company seeks JIBC insurance for $1 billion

(Reuters, Kuwait, 7 June 2022) The state-owned Kuwait Petroleum Corporation is seeking to borrow up to $1 billion from banks including HSBC and JPMorgan, according to a parliamentary document reviewed by Reuters. The Kuwait Petroleum Corporation is currently negotiating with the Japanese export credit agency JIBC to provide insurance cover for the financing that the corporation will obtain from a group of international banks, including HSBC and JPMorgan, with a value not exceeding $1 billion for a period of 13 years, The financing will be used for capital expenditure, including on oil and gas production.

https://www.reuters.com/markets/commodities/kuwaits-state-oil-company-seeks-borr...


European Temporary Short Term Export Credit Aid Extended to Year End

(Lexology, London, 31 May 2022) On 19 March 2020, the European Commission adopted the Temporary Framework on State aid measures to support the economy in the current context of the COVID-19 outbreak. This included, amongst other forms of aid such as grants, advances, tax concessions, loans, etc., aid in the form of short-term export credit insurance... In just over two years after the Temporary Framework's entry into force, the Commission will have enabled Member States to provide rapid and flexible support to companies affected by the COVID-19 crisis. The Commission has in fact adopted more than 1,300 decisions in the context of the coronavirus pandemic, authorising almost 950 national measures for a total amount of State aid estimated at almost EUR 3,200 billion.

https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=7e1af497-1475-4200-8515-4d290de54...


Lexology's overview of ECAs

An interesting overview of official export credit agencies and activites. In 2020, the 10 largest MLT export credit volumes were from the ECAs for China (US$18 billion), France (US$12.1 billion), Germany (US$8.6 billion), Italy (US$8.4 billion), South Korea (US$5 billion), Sweden (US$4.7 billion), the United Kingdom (US$3.4 billion), Denmark (US$2.8 billion), Belgium (US$2.5 billion) and India (US$2.3 billion). [However],it should be noted that US EXIM, due to domestic debate on its role, was not able to authorise financings larger than US$10 million between 2015 and 2019. However, it is now reauthorised and can be anticipated to have increasing volumes in coming years. For example, in 2012, its total was approximately US$36 billion, whereas in 2021 its total was approximately US$1.8 billion. While down from 2020, this is reflective of the fact that, in 2020, US EXIM agreed to provide US$4.7 billion for the Mozambique liquefied natural gas (LNG) project alone.Loking at medium and long-term (i.e., over two years) (MLT) export credit volumes, which are most relevant to project financings, Atradius DSB on behalf of the Netherlands in 2020 provided US$1.9 billion of support, whereas Turkey provided only US$1.6 million of support, despite Turkey having a larger gross domestic product (GDP) than the Netherlands.

https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=3ca6a91f-8a98-4703-97c6-3771d89a6...


US EXIM renews supply chain finance for Boeing

(Global Trade Review, London, 1 June 2022) The Export-Import Bank of the United States (US Exim) has bolstered its support for the domestic aviation manufacturing industry, renewing a US$450mn supply chain finance (SCF) guarantee backing sales to Boeing. Under US Exim’s SCF programme, the government agency granted a 90% guarantee for a US$500mn facility from Citi, allowing the bank to finance payments

https://www.gtreview.com/news/americas/citi-boeing-renew-scf-agreement-with-us-e...


EU Export Credit Sanctions on Russia

On 3 June 2022 the EU adopted its sixth package of sanctions against Russia and Belarus. These prohibit the purchase, import or transfer of crude oil and certain petroleum products from Russia into the EU, as well as insuring and financing the transport, in particular through maritime routes, of Russian oil to third countries. Prohibitions include import or export advances and all types of insurance and reinsurance, including export credit insurance.

https://www.mondaq.com/russianfederation/export-controls-trade-investment-sancti...


Afreximbank mobilises $35b for African development and national ECAs

(Vanguard, Lagos, 15 June 2022) The African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank) has mobilised a whopping $35 bilion for the development of the continent in the last 4-5 years, with significant support from Nigeria and Egypt. The Central Bank of Egypt has also partnered with Afreximbank to train several African bankers in many areas and Afreximbank was CBE's choice to advise on the creation of a national Export Credit Agency (ECA), as a result of which Afreximbank has now been mandated to do the same in other countries.

https://www.vanguardngr.com/2022/06/afreximbank-mobilises-35-b-for-african-devt-...


ECAs fill in SME trade finance support under Covid supply chain disruption

(Fintech & Finance News, Tunbridge Wells, 1 June 2022) Lack of trade finance for SMEs threatened to bring supply chains to a halt in 2020. SMEs play a critical role in trade – responsible for between 20 and 40 per cent of exports from OECD countries. When it comes to affordable trade finance, they face the biggest barriers, with more than half of trade finance requests by SMEs rejected, compared with seven per cent of multinational corporations’, according to the WTO. The OECD, reflecting on the experience of SMEs in the international supply chain during 2020, said short-term trade finance in all its forms (intra-firm financing, inter-firm financing, or more dedicated tools such as letters of credit, advance payment guarantees, performance bonds, and export credit insurance or guarantees) was critically hard to come by – but not because the cost to banks of providing that liquidity had increased. That forced SMEs to fall back on government agencies to stay in business: the Export-Import Bank of the United States, one of the largest providers of short-term government export support, for example, reported a 112 per cent increase in working capital guarantees and a 12 per cent increase in short-term export credit insurance during 2020. According to an OECD survey, 64 per cent of export credit agencies took measures that year to increase working capital support because private liquidity simply wasn’t forthcoming.

https://ffnews.com/newsarticle/exclusive-chain-reaction-martin-mccann-trade-ledg...


German export credit for emergency export of Ukranian grain

(Mass News, 13 June 2022) The German government is working to expedite the export of Ukrainian grain by rail, with plans being considered to establish a special fund to pay for the project. To facilitate the creation of a “grain bridge” Berlin is mulling setting up a special fund to purchase wagons as well as providing an export credit guarantee to carriers. Additional assistance could be provided to transfer terminals at the Ukrainian border because the country’s railway network uses a broader gauge than neighboring nations. German officials believe up to 10 million tons of grain could be transported out of Ukraine by rail. Ukraine has lost access to most of its ports after Russian forces took control of several regions in the south of Ukraine.

https://www.massnews.com/germany-has-plan-to-help-prevent-global-famine/


Danish ECA EKF to back French offshore wind project

KfW IPEX-Bank, together with Crédit Agricole CIB, Banco Santander, S.A., Mizuho Bank, European Investment Bank (EIB), and the Danish Export Credit Agency (EKF), has decided to finance the 30 MW Eoliennes Flottantes du Golfe du Lion (EFGL) floating wind project offshore France. “Fixed offshore wind farms can only be operated economically up to a certain sea depth. Floating wind farms will open up deeper waters. This gives us the opportunity to expand offshore wind power much more and drive the decarbonisation of energy generation faster worldwide”, said Dr Velibor Marjanovic, member of the Management Board of KfW IPEX-Bank. The project, which is one of the world’s first commercially financed floating offshore wind farms, is located in the Mediterranean Sea, more than 16 kilometres offshore from Leucate, Aude, and Le Barcarès, Pyrénées-Orientales. It is scheduled to be commissioned at the end of 2023 and will operate for 20 years.

https://www.offshorewind.biz/2022/06/08/floating-offshore-wind-project-attracts-...


Russian war on Ukraine triggers conflict over ECAs and African oil

(ECA Watch, Ottawa, 30 June 2022) Sanctions on Russian fossil fuel exports have generated conflict over ECA support for African fossil fuel development. Existing ECA African projects include, for example, UKEF's reluctance to end discussion of Mozambique's LNG project, JIBC's talks with Kuweit's state oil company and innumerable others. The Inter Governmental Panel on Climate Change report called out commercial banks and export credit agencies for the role they are still playing in financing fossil fuel investments. Adding to this pressure, Mary Robinson, ex-UN climate envoy, now says Africa's need for energy is so great it should be able to widely exploit its fossil fuel deposits.  Some back the idea that African gas can be exploited while the EU and developed countries find green alternatives. Others see an African dash for gas as a potential disaster. Nnimmo Bassey and Anabela Lemos state that “far from generating prosperity and stability in sub-Saharan Africa, investments in fossil fuels cause real harm,” noting “Decades of fossil fuel development have failed to deliver energy to much of the continent and have built economic models dependent on extraction that have deepened inequality, caused environmental damage, stoked corruption, and encouraged political repression.”




What's New May 2022

What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today!

Questions? Email info-at-eca-watch.org

See all "What's New!" updates since 2005 here.

  • Italy's SACE joins major banks to reject finance for Total's EACOP
  • Korean court dismisses indigenous challenge to Australian ECA gas project financing
  • UN High Commissioner for Human Rights urges ECAs to strengthen standards
  • UK Green Trade and "de-Putinizing" the world economy
  • Berne Union reports uncertain trade credit insurance bounce back
  • 122 CSOs warn there is only six months left to meet joint COP26 commitments
  • Boeing Reports Increased Stability and Growth for Aircraft Finance Sector
  • Spanish ECA's US$1.3 billion loan to PetroPeru pushes delayed audit
  • State aid: EU Commission approves Danish short-term export credit scheme
  • Etihad Credit to play a role in UAE's move away from oil
  • EDC launches program to guarantee bank loans to companies in carbon intensive sectors
  • 70% of Indian exporters’ payments stuck in Russia have come in
  • Dutch government offers export credit insurance to new Manila airport
  • NEXIM promotes Nigerian Non-oil Exports for Fiscal Sustainability

Italy's SACE joins major banks to reject finance for Total's EACOP

(Banktrack, Nijmegen, 20 May 2022) The coalition to #StopEACOP celebrates this week’s news that five banks including Deutsche Bank, Citi, JPMorgan Chase, Wells Fargo and Morgan Stanley have confirmed they will not join the project loan to finance the East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP). They are joined by the insurer Beazley Group and the Italian export credit agency SACE. This takes the number of banks that want nothing to do with the EACOP project loan to 20 and the number of insurers to eight. The list of banks rejecting the project includes seven of Total’s ten largest lenders. However Eacop's executives from the Ugandan government and oil companies remained confident that the financing package for the project will be tied up in two months.

https://mailchi.mp/banktrack/seven-financiers-abandon-totalenergies-eacop-pipeli...


Korean court dismisses indigenous challenge to Australian ECA gas project financing

(Global Trade Review, London, 25 May 2022) A South Korean court has dismissed an application by traditional owners in Australia for an injunction to prevent South Korean public finance institutions from supporting a proposed gas export project. Representatives of the Tiwi Islander and Larrakia indigenous peoples in northern Australia launched legal proceedings in March to stop the South Korea Export-Import Bank (Kexim) and export credit insurer K-Sure from extending A$964mn (US$725mn) in financing and insurance to the Barossa gas project. But this week Seoul’s Central District Court threw out the application,

https://www.gtreview.com/news/asia/south-korea-dismisses-challenge-to-australian...


UN High Commissioner for Human Rights urges ECAs to strengthen standards

(UN Human Rights Office, Geneva, 6 May 2022) Michelle Bachelet, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, recommends how to improve human rights impacts of global supply chains, as requested by the German Presidency of the G7. She noted that achieving sustainable supply chains will also require integration of international standards on responsible business conduct across investment and trade policy. Export credit agencies and export-import banks for example are key players involved in supporting parts of global supply chain operations. Yet their lack of multilateral engagement in recent years has had a negative impact on their capacity to update and align their standards either to the UNGPs or to high-level commitments made by their own governments. Improving the human rights performance of export credit agencies is an important lever for fostering sustainable supply chains. As an obvious first step, governments should heighten the obligations of the Export Credit Group’s Recommendation on Common Approaches regarding human rights and international standards on responsible business conduct. Accelerating efforts to advance implementation of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) in global supply chains is a crucial step forward to do this.

https://www.ohchr.org/en/statements/2022/05/g7-sustainable-value-chains-success-...


UK Green Trade and "de-Putinizing" the world economy

(Institute of Export and International Trade, London, 18 May 2022) UK International trade secretary Anne-Marie Trevelyan has said green trade is central to growing the UK’s economy, achieving net zero and driving prosperity, as well as “De-Putinising” the global economy by cutting reliance on Russian oil and gas. Trevelyan said the Ukraine conflict underlined the need to phase out imports of Russian oil and gas, adding “These past months have highlighted the need to accelerate our journey as a global community away from hydrocarbons. To decisively turn our backs on the era of dependence on polluting fuels, and transition to a net zero future.” The minister also announced two new ‘green’ deals for British exporters to be delivered by UKEF, a £138m loan guarantee for electric power manufacturer Megger and a £50m sustainability-linked loan to construction company Mace.

https://www.export.org.uk/news/605789/Green-trade-crucial-to-achieving-net-zero-...


Berne Union reports uncertain trade credit insurance bounce back

(Global Trade Review, London, 18 May 2022) A more stable trade environment helped generate US$117.7bn in new medium to long-term trade credit insurance business in the second half of 2021, according to freshly released data, although soaring inflation threatens to undercut the bounce back. A data snapshot released by the Berne Union, the export credit industry association, shows the medium to long-term sector beginning to rebound from the pandemic, with the US$117bn of new business representing growth of 13% compared to the same period in 2020, but still 12% down on pre-pandemic levels. Short-term trade credit insurance has also notched up continuous growth – rising 14% on the second half of 2019 and 12% on the second half of 2020 to US$2.45 trillion. In a statement released following its spring meetings in Istanbul, the Berne Union says that growth of 12% across all trade insurance types in the second half of 2021, compared to the same period in 2020, is “somewhat complicated” by the gradual rise in inflation last year, in addition to “fluctuating” exchange rates.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/global/despite-bounce-back-trade-credit-insurance-...


122 CSOs warn there is only six months left to meet joint COP26 commitments

(Oil Change International, Washington, 19 May 2022) Today, 122 civil society groups are releasing letters to eleven government signatories to the Glasgow Statement on International Public Support for the Clean Energy Transition, laying out the actions they must take as soon as possible to meet their commitment. In their joint statement at COP26, 35 countries and 5 public finance institutions committed to end their international public finance for ‘unabated’ fossil fuels by the end of 2022, and instead prioritise their “support fully towards the clean energy transition.” The Glasgow Statement has the potential to directly shift at least USD $24 billion a year in influential trade and development finance from governments away from oil, gas, and coal. The $24 billion per year quoted above is from the open-access Public Finance for Energy Database (energyfinance.org), a project of Oil Change International. ECAs are consistently the worst public finance actors for the climate, providing 11 times more support for fossil fuels than renewable energy in 2018-2020.

https://priceofoil.org/2022/05/19/122-csos-warn-signatory-countries/


Boeing Reports Increased Stability and Growth for Aircraft Finance Sector

(Yahoo Finance, 2 May 2022) Boeing has released their 2022 Commercial Aircraft Financing Market Outlook (CAFMO) showing improving financing stability as the industry recovers from the impacts of the global pandemic. For the second consecutive year, 100% of Boeing deliveries were financed by third parties, with the top sources of delivery funding coming from cash, capital markets and sale leasebacks. ECA supported financing for Boeing aircraft contributed about 5% of total funding last year, primarily by the Export-Import Bank of the United States and with one deal supported by UK Export Finance. The Boeing 2021 Commercial Market Outlook, a separate annual 20-year forecast addressing the market for commercial airplanes and services, projects that through 2040 there will be demand more than 43,500 new airplanes valued at $7.2 trillion.

https://www.yahoo.com/now/boeing-reports-increased-stability-growth-143000799.ht...


Spanish ECA's US$1.3 billion loan to PetroPeru pushes delayed audit

(Paris Beacon-News, Paris, 5 May 2022) Price Waterhouse Coopers (PWC) will carry out the external audit of the 2021 financial statements of the state company Petroperú in an effort to recover the confidence of creditors, bondholders, banks and risk rating agencies and hopefully allow negotiation of a request for consent from bondholders and the Spanish Export Credit News (CESCE) to reschedule presentation of last year’s financial statements. CESCE granted PetroPeru a loan of US$1,300 million in 2018 for the modernization of the Talara refinery and, a year earlier, Petroperú placed US$2,000 million in bonds in international debt markets to finance the same project, which has started performance tests last April. The recent PetroPeru crisis led debt rating agencies Standard & Poor’s and Fitch to reduce Petroperú’s credit rating due to a lack of financial transparency, exacerbated by the delay in having last year’s financial statements audited. Petroperu was downgraded earlier this month to junk by credit agencies after accounting firm PwC declined to audit the company's financial statements in the middle of a corporate governance crisis in which Petroperu's previous CEO Hugo Chavez resigned on amid allegations that he had improperly hired a company to provide him with personal security and people were saying audit firms did not feel comfortable enough to audit Petroperu while Chavez was in charge. On top of this, PetroPeru is demanding compensation of up to $34.5 million from the Spanish oil giant Repsol after freak waves from a volcanic eruption near Tonga caused an oil spill described as the worst ecological disaster to hit Peru in recent history, claiming that Repsol's Pampilla refinery “apparently” did not have a contingency plan for an oil spill.

https://www.parisbeacon.com/94670/


State aid: EU Commission approves Danish short-term export credit scheme

(European Commission, Brussels, 4 May 2022) The European Commission has approved, under EU State aid rules, the reintroduction of a Danish short-term export credit scheme. Under the scheme, the Danish State can cover risks of single export transactions. The scheme was originally approved in April 2013, prolonged in December 2015 and expired in December 2020. In February 2022, Denmark notified its intention to reintroduce the scheme, which will run until 31 December 2025. The Commission found that the measure is necessary, as there is a lack of private insurers covering single export transactions (i.e. insurance provided on a transaction-by-transaction basis rather than on the entire export portfolio of a company)

https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/mex_22_2804


Etihad Credit to play a role in UAE's move away from oil

(Gulf Today, Dubai, 15 May 2022) Massimo Falcioni, CEO of Etihad Credit Insurance (ECI), the official export support agency of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), welcomed Sheikh Mohamed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan’s election as the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and his role in steering the UAE economy towards independence from oil. In this process, Greek and Turkish ECAs have recently signed cooperation agreements with Etihad Credit. Greece, keen to attract investment from the UAE, has agreed to create a €4 billion ($4.22bn) initiative to invest in the Greek economy during a visit by Greek premier Kyriakos Mitsotakis to Abu Dhabi on May 9th. Last year, the countries’ official export credit agencies signed an agreement to boost bilateral trade. In 2020, the two states inked a foreign policy and defense cooperation deal. A cooperation agreement has also been signed between Türk Eximbank and ECI The signing of the deal occurred amid the 2022 spring meeting in Istanbul of the International Association of Export Credits and Investment Insurers, also known as Berne Union, of which Türk Eximbank became a member in 1994. The said agreement aims to provide co-financing for projects involved in the export of goods and services in both countries, as well as sharing information between institutions.

https://www.gulftoday.ae/business/2022/05/15/new-era-to-propel-uae-to-greater-he...


EDC launches program to guarantee bank loans to companies in carbon intensive sectors

(Globe & Mail, Toronto, 2 May 2022) Export Development Canada has agreed to partly guarantee $1-billion of loans which the Bank of Montreal plans to make to companies in carbon-intensive industries in order to help them lower their emissions, reducing the risks of the bank’s foray into funding an urgent but uncertain energy transition. The three-year guarantee agreement will provide financing for medium-to-large-sized Canadian companies, rather than the largest corporate entities, which have easier access to capital. EDC will guarantee up to half of BMO’s term loans to a maximum of US$60-million per borrower for up to seven years. It is an early result of a federal effort to help reduce the risks of funding investments in early-stage technologies that could be crucial to cutting greenhouse-gas emissions, such as carbon capture or hydrogen fuel.

https://www.theglobeandmail.com/business/article-edc-launches-program-with-bank-...


70% of Indian exporters’ payments stuck in Russia have come in

(Live Mint, India, 5 May 2022) As much as 70–80% of the payments for goods that were shipped to Russia before the Ukraine war have been coming in, a government official privy to the matter told Mint, comforting exporters. Exporters had claimed that about $500 million in payments were stuck after the war began in February. Stuck dues had become a pain point for Indian exporters, especially after Russia was cut off from the SWIFT payment gateway. In FY21 India’s exports to Russia stood at $2.6 billion, while imports were $5.5 billion. A number of exporters told Mint that those shipping goods to Russia were not being uniformly given insurance cover, which is provided by the state-owned Export Credit Guarantee Corporation, compounding their problems.

https://www.livemint.com/news/india/70-of-exporters-payments-stuck-in-russia-hav...


Dutch government offers export credit insurance to new Manila airport

(Business Mirror, Makati City, 25 May 2022) SAN Miguel Corp. on Wednesday said it received support for the P740-billion (US$14 billion) new Manila International Airport (NMIA) project in Bulacan following the approval of the Dutch government, represented by Atradius Dutch State Business (DSB) of export credit insurance to Royal Boskalis Westminster N.V., to cover its 1.5-billion euro contract for land development works at the airport project site in Bulakan, Bulacan. The approval comes after more than a year of “rigorous” review of the project’s long-term environmental and social impact mitigation measures to ensure that the multi-billion project is done with sustainability in mind and aligned with the country’s climate ambitions. It is the largest export credit agency insurance policy granted in the 90-year history of Atradius. The airport project will feature four parallel runways, a terminal and an interlinked infrastructure network that includes expressways and railways.

https://businessmirror.com.ph/2022/05/25/dutch-government-offers-export-credit-i...


NEXIM promotes Nigerian Non-oil Exports for Fiscal Sustainability

(This Day, Lagos, 8 May 2022) Amidst the present administration’s current efforts aimed at diversifying the base of the Nigerian economy from the perils of oil, the need to provide adequate funding and attention to the non-oil export sector cannot be over-emphasised. Analysts have contended that most of the economic challenges bedeviling the country could simply be addressed by boosting local production and strengthening its non-oil export potential. Abba Bello, Head of the Nigerian Export-Import Bank (NEXIM), notes that its Export Development Fund (EDF) had led to the processing of 442 Applications worth N461 billion and $43.69 million, out of which N214.65 billion had been approved while N153.03 billion had been disbursed to 101 beneficiaries, as well as approvals totaling N55.85 billion which were undergoing the pre-disbursement process. Bello said so far, $492.97 million and €1.17 million, translating into N196.32 billion, have been received as export proceeds from projects that have repatriated their income, while others are yet to complete the transaction circle, adding that many of the institutions supported by the bank now feature on the list of top 100 exporters published annually by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). NEXIM Bank is further taking steps to position Nigerian exporters to benefit from the unfolding opportunities offered by AfCFTA (African Continental Free Trade Agreement), following the recent exit of Britain from the European Union and the prospects in other regions. The bank is therefore taking measures to increase its funding capacity towards boosting lending support thereby increasing foreign exchange earnings for the country and facilitating employment generation.

https://www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2022/05/08/promoting-non-oil-exports-for-f...


What's New April 2022

What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today!

Questions? Email info-at-eca-watch.org

See all "What's New!" updates since 2005 here.

  • UN Secretary General: Some governments & business leaders say one thing but do another. Simply put they're lying.
  • Greenwashing won't cut it: Canada risks disaster by barely mentioning financial sector in climate plan
  • Indigenous Australians Derail Controversial Barossa Gas Project by Suing South Korean ECA
  • Oil Change International launches database to expose the institutions using our money to fund fossils
  • UKEF hands billions to projects linked to labour abuse and climate damage
  • UKEF faces further legal action over Mozambique LNG project
  • LNG Exports Seen Benefiting From EXIM Financing
  • The 900-Mile EACOP East Africa Crude Oil Pipeline Is a Bad Deal for My Country — and the World
  • Global Trade Review Editorial: Encouraging yet disheartening
  • U.S. EXIM Bank formalizes Russia pullout; approves Sri Lanka, Albania, Iraq deals
  • Sinosure scales up financial support for green industries
  • Swedish ECA studying new import guarantee fund
  • Aeroflot negotiating purchase of 8 ECA financed Airbus aircraft

UN Secretary General: Some governments & business leaders say one thing but do another. Simply put they're lying.

(Brisbane Times, Brisbane, 11 April 2022) The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Sixth Assessment Report, with its direct language and whole chapter on finance, should be a wake-up call to those in the business community who are avoiding taking genuine action on climate change. United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres didn’t mince his words when he introduced the report to the world, bluntly stating that investing in “new fossil fuel infrastructure is moral and economic madness.”  The report calls out commercial banks and export credit agencies for the role they are still playing in financing fossil fuel investments. He notes that "Some government and business leaders are saying one thing – but doing another. Simply put, they are lying."

https://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/environment/climate-change/simply-put-they-are-...


Greenwashing won't cut it: Canada risks disaster by barely mentioning financial sector in climate plan

(National Observer, Vancouver, 6 April 2022) Canada’s recently published emissions reduction plan provides a roadmap for how Ottawa plans to hit its 2030 climate targets, but critics say until the financial sector is aligned with climate goals, the government's plans are “derelict.” Environmental Defence’s climate finance manager Julie Segal says Canada appears excited about the benefits of sustainable finance but doesn’t appreciate the risks from continued fossil fuel investments. First, there's the systemic risk from climate change and how the financial sector and financial regulators approach that, and then there's the piece about how the financial sector is contributing to climate change through investments,” she said. “And Canada is being derelict on those accounts.” The 271-page emissions reduction plan contains [only] 4 pages dedicated to “sustainable finance” that outline at a high level a few of the federal government’s initiatives. However, Segal says the brief attention to financial issues in the plan, when compared to the detail offered for other sectors, shows Ottawa isn’t grasping the importance of the file. “Part of the reason they're not getting it is because the Sustainable Finance Action Council — all of the work on sustainable finance — is very much led by industry,” she said. “The federal government hasn't thought about finance and climate properly. They just haven't really understood what's going on here,” said Adam Scott, director of Shift Action for Pension Wealth and Planet Health. Greenwashing won’t cut it because real emissions reductions are needed to protect the economy at large from ever-worsening natural disasters and the economic impacts of climate change. Page 5 of a recent Oil Change International report shows that Canada leads the world in its public finance support for fossil fuel investments.

https://www.nationalobserver.com/2022/04/06/news/government-risks-disaster-barel...


Indigenous Australians Derail Controversial Barossa Gas Project by Suing South Korean ECA

(VICE, Brooklyn, 6 April 2022) The South Korean government has shelved plans to pour $700 million into a massive $4.7 billion gas project in Australia’s Timor Sea far north offshore after Tiwi Island Indigenous leaders from the region took them to court, according to government meeting notes seen by VICE. The Export-Import Bank of Korea pulled the handbrake on part of a mammoth $US700 million investment into the controversial Barossa gas project in Australia’s Northern Territory last month. “Not only is the Barossa gas project more polluting than other existing gas fields, but it also faces business uncertainty with its incomplete carbon capture and storage scheme, and plummeting long-term liquified natural gas demand,” said Hye-Young, South Korean National Assembly representative. ABC Australia reports that South Korea's K-SURE and Japan's JBIC have approved their financing, so the project's financing hinges on KEXIM. Larrakia and Tiwi Islander traditional owners, along with an international coalition of anti-gas groups, are targeting plans for a $4.7 billion Barossa gas development, to be built and operated by Santos, in waters about 300 kilometres north of Darwin. Conversation Canada has noted that this Tiwi Islands offshore gas fight shows public banks are under real pressure over fossil fuel funding. They note that Public financial institutions are under renewed pressure to change lending practices after the world’s leading climate scientists strongly warned against any new fossil fuel infrastructure. In our region, public banks in China, Japan, and South Korea now face unprecedented scrutiny for their role in financing the climate crisis. While export credit agencies are not the only funders of oil, gas and coal infrastructure, and not the largest either, they have been instrumental in developing many of the world’s most carbon intensive sectors. How? By locking in fossil fuel energy systems, leveraging private finance by reducing risk premiums, and shaping international standards which influence private bank policies. In short, they have played a key role in enabling fossil fuel expansion. For decades, these state supported agencies have gone under the radar. No longer. Scrutiny is increasing of their work borrowing from national treasuries or public capital markets to finance export-oriented fossil fuel projects.

https://www.vice.com/en/article/akv94k/indigenous-australians-have-derailed-a-co...


Oil Change International launches database to expose the institutions using our money to fund fossils

(Oil Change, Washington, 28 April 2022) Public finance institutions shape our future energy systems. They are uniquely positioned to catalyze a just, transformative, and rapid transition to clean energy and a livable future — if we can hold them accountable to their public-interest mandates. But the decade-plus of data Oil Change International has collected for the newly launched Public Finance for Energy Database (energyfinance.org) shows most influential international public finance institutions are failing to take the very first step: stop funding fossil fuels. The headline finding of our database is that G20 countries’ trade, export credit and development finance institutions and the major multilateral development banks (MDBs) provided at least $63 billion each year to coal, oil, and gas projects between 2018 and 2020. That is 2.5 more than the support for clean energy by the same institutions over the same period. In addition to this critique, the report notes that there is momentum growing to end public finance for fossil fuels and shift this to support a just energy transition, with 39 countries and institutions committing to do this by the end of 2022 under the Glasgow Statement at COP26.

https://priceofoil.org/2022/04/28/launched-public-finance-for-energy-database/


UKEF hands billions to projects linked to labour abuse and climate damage

(The Guardian, London, 31 March 2022) UK Export Finance used £5.24bn of taxpayer money to fund overseas energy and infrastructure ventures despite its own review raising concerns over labour abuses and environmental damage. Since 2019, UKEF has allocated £5.24bn of taxpayer money to projects with the potential to cause “significant adverse environmental and/or social impacts” in countries across the Middle East, Africa and Asia, according to calculations by the Guardian based on disclosures made by UKEF. Oil refineries, power stations, and a large-scale liquified natural gas (LGN) project are among the high-risk “Category A projects”, to receive funding recently. UKEF undertook environmental and human rights reviews of the projects ahead of granting the funding. Despite recommendations to mitigate labour abuses, six migrant workers employed on Middle Eastern projects backed by UKEF have revealed low pay, safety hazards, excessive working hours, and the denial of freedom of movement as persistent issues. Daniel Willis, policy and campaigns manager at Global Justice Now said that “Human rights considerations are an afterthought, and due diligence seems to be approached as if it is just a box to tick.” A review of an oil refinery upgrade programme in Kuwait, obtained by a freedom of information request, shows that UKEF knew of worker issues before it provided a $179m (£135m) support package in 2019. Employees and contractors were commonly working more than the maximum overtime hours allowed by legislation, and 87% of workers surveyed had not received an employment contract, according to the UKEF’s review. About 90% of workers at Kuwait National Petroleum Company (KNPC) had also been charged illicit recruitment fees to secure their jobs. Before awarding it $500m in 2019, a UKEF review flagged the Bahrain Petroleum Company (Bapco) oil refinery expansion project as having “forced and child labour and worker health and safety as potential project risks”.

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2022/mar/31/britain-hands-billion...


UKEF faces further legal action over Mozambique LNG project

(Global Trade Review, London, 20 April 2022) Friends of the Earth says it will continue its fight against UKEF's decision to provide US$1.15bn of support to a natural gas project in Mozambique, after a split judgement from two UK High Court judges. In a judgement handed down last month, Justice Stuart-Smith dismissed Friends of the Earth’s claim, ruling that UKEF’s assessment of the climate change impacts of the project was lawful. But the second judge hearing the case, Justice Thornton, found that UKEF had failed to take climate impacts properly into consideration and ministers who approved the financing package did not have access to enough information to make a decision. The project under development by Total includes two offshore gas fields and a liquefaction plant with capacity of some 13 million tonnes per year. UKEF is among eight other export credit agencies and 19 commercial banks financing the project, in what Total says is the largest project finance deal ever struck in Africa. When fully operational it is expected to significantly lift Mozambique’s contribution to greenhouse gas emissions, however its proponents say that it may lead to an overall shrinking of emissions because some buyers will use the exported gas to switch from fuel sources such as coal and oil. During the course of the judicial review, arguments focused on a climate change impact report produced by UKEF which was provided to ministers who had input into the funding decision. The report relied heavily on an assessment by energy consultants Wood Mackenzie and Wood Mackenzie acknowledged that the report had severe limitations due to the difficulty of knowing where and how the exported gas would be used. An internal UKEF email described the report as “very light and [it] makes high level assumptions”. Total suspended construction of the Mozambique project and evacuated workers after insurgent attacks in early 2021, delaying the expected start of production to 2025. The company’s chief executive Patrick Pouyanne told Reuters in February that the company plans to restart construction sometime this year.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/europe/ukef-faces-further-legal-action-over-mozamb...


LNG Exports Seen Benefiting From EXIM Financing

(Bloomberg, Washington, 13 April 2022) The U.S. Export-Import Bank approved a plan Thursday that could yield a flood of financing for U.S. energy ventures, including wind and solar projects, battery manufacturing and terminals to sell LNG overseas. The bank’s board voted 3-0 on a formal policy shift encouraged by the Biden administration that would extend support to domestic manufacturing and infrastructure projects that facilitate exports. The agency plans to prioritize financing for green projects, from renewable power ventures to clean energy manufacturing. The initiative would apply to non-energy ventures too, including the manufacture of semiconductors, biotech and biomedical gear. Environmentalists and natural gas advocates say the initiative could also bolster a host of LNG export terminals proposed from the U.S. Gulf Coast to Alaska, especially given the Biden administration’s efforts to supplant Russian energy in Europe with U.S. supplies. Shipments of U.S. natural gas have surged over the past few years. While advocacy groups for the U.S. LNG sector quickly welcomed the plan, saying it could help projects overcome funding challenges and support thousands of jobs, environmentalists expressed concern that new LNG financing could take money away from renewable energy. As the U.S. attempts to bring down the soaring price of energy, financing from a New Deal–era agency could be used to ramp up domestic gas production. It is planning those controversial investments with almost no opportunity for public review. Now, under pressure from LNG interests, Exim may double down on its investment in fracked gas through a domestic financing program President Biden has created to strengthen supply chains.

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-04-13/lng-projects-may-get-funding-...


The 900-Mile EACOP East Africa Crude Oil Pipeline Is a Bad Deal for My Country — and the World

(New York Times, Kampala, 8 April 2022) Vanessa Nakate, Ugandan climate justice activist, notes that this week, the panel of climate experts convened by the UN delivered a clear message: To stand a chance of curbing dangerous climate change, we can’t afford to build more fossil fuel infrastructure. We must also rapidly phase out the fossil fuels we’re using. In moments like this, the media rarely focuses on African countries like mine, Uganda. When it does, it covers the impacts — the devastation we are already experiencing and the catastrophes that loom. They are right to: Mozambique has been battered in recent years by cyclones intensified by climate change. Drought in Kenya linked to climate change has left millions hungry. In Uganda, we are now more frequently hit by extreme flash floods that destroy lives and livelihoods. Africa isn’t only a victim of the climate crisis, but also a place where infrastructure decisions made in the coming years will shape how it unfolds. TotalEnergies, a French energy company, this year announced a $10 billion investment decision, which involves a nearly 900-mile oil pipeline from Kabaale, Uganda, to a peninsula near Tanga, Tanzania. From there, the oil would be exported to the international market. Despite local opposition, TotalEnergies and a partner, the China National Offshore Oil Corporation, have pushed ahead. The project might have a difficult time securing additional financing, as many banks have already ruled out the project. The multinational insurance company Munich Re has also vowed not to insure it, at least in part because of the harm it would do to the climate. An estimated 14,000 households will lose land, according to Oxfam International, with thousands of people set to be economically or physically displaced. There are reports that compensation payments offered to some communities are completely insufficient. In other news, Ugandan NGOs have written to German and Italian ECAs asking them to not finance EACOP, noting that if constructed the pipeline will be the longest electrically heated crude oil pipeline in the world, will transport 216,000 barrels of crude oil per day at peak production, will displace over 86,000 people from 5,172 hectares of land in Uganda and Tanzania, affect nearly 2,000 sq.km of protected areas, a quarter of which are habitats for endangered species, threaten the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of Lakes Albert and Victoria fishers in Uganda and the DRC and result in the production of over 34.3 million metric tonnes of carbon per year, roughly 7 times Ugana's annual emissions when the oil is burnt.

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/04/08/opinion/environment/east-africa-oil-pipeline....


Global Trade Review Editorial: Encouraging yet disheartening

(Global Trade Review, London, 11 April 2022) Momentum continues to build around environmental, social and governance efforts in trade and trade finance. Every week, we report on encouraging new developments, including a recent decision by the European Council that gives export credit agencies (ECAs) in the EU until the end of 2023 to set deadlines for ending support for fossil fuels; the formation of the Climate Working Group, a new initiative convened by the Berne Union bringing together ECAs and other insurers and financiers to accelerate climate action; as well as the much-anticipated launch of a pilot of a new ESG scoring tool for measuring country, supply chain and company activity against EU and UN sustainability goals. Other developments have been less heartening. The annual Banking on Climate Chaos report, a comprehensive global analysis on fossil fuel financing released as this publication goes to press, documents that in the six years since the adoption of the Paris Agreement, the world’s 60 largest private banks poured US$4.6 trillion [yes trillion] into fossil fuels. As much as US$742bn of support was provided in 2021 alone. The report, co-authored by NGOs including BankTrack, Sierra Club and Oil Change International, includes a timeline that lays out how banks that joined the Net-Zero Banking Alliance last year simultaneously financed “some of the most egregious oil and gas expansion companies”. In this publication, we take a closer look at these and other issues impacting on ESG and trade.

https://www.gtreview.com/magazine/esg-trade-issue-2022/from-the-editor-17/


U.S. EXIM Bank formalizes Russia pullout; approves Sri Lanka, Albania, Iraq deals

(Reuters, Washington, 31 March 2022) The U.S. EXIM's board of directors on Thursday voted to formalize the bank's withdrawal from any further business in Russia and approved financing and to guarantee deals worth up to $381 million for Iraq, Sri Lanka and Albania. The board also voted to notify Congress of a proposed renewal of a $450 million credit guarantee to Citibank that backs a $500 million facility to allow 365 suppliers of aircraft maker Boeing to receive accelerated receivables payments related to export sales of Boeing aircraft. The formal closing of Russian business follows an announcement last week by EXIM and export credit agencies in Britain and Canada to withdraw all support from Russia and Belarus in response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine. EXIM previously had an administrative hold prohibiting Russian business since Moscow's annexation of Crimea in 2014. EXIM still has $410 million in prior credit exposure to Russia, primarily for aviation sector loan guarantees that were granted before Crimea's annexation. Meanwhile, it’s not clear how many of the 500 or so foreign-owed planes stuck in Russia are potentially eligible for the exception, or which owners will be able to apply. Most of the aircraft are on operating leases vs fixed term rental contracts.

https://www.reuters.com/business/finance/us-exim-bank-formalizes-russia-pullout-...


Sinosure scales up financial support for green industries

(Xinhua, Beijing, 17 April 2022) China Export and Credit Insurance Corporation (Sinosure) says it has stepped up support for the country's green industries by providing more export credit insurance. Since the start of 2021, the company has insured over 150 green projects, with the sum insured reaching around 7.7 billion U.S. dollars.  Sinosure has also strengthened its financial support to green projects under the Belt and Road Initiative and helped domestic companies explore overseas green and low-carbon markets. Take the photovoltaic industry as an example. Sinosure has helped facilitate the export of photovoltaic products worth over 130 billion U.S. dollars from 286 companies since 2005. Looking to the future, Sinosure will continue to explore green finance innovation, promote the integration of green finance and green industries, increase support for green industries and green projects, and give better play to the role of export credit insurance, the company said.

https://www.bignewsnetwork.com/news/272488901/sinosure-scales-up-financial-suppo...


Swedish ECA studying new import guarantee fund

(Regeringen, Stockholm, 12 April 2022) Google translation. The Swedish Riksdag has proposed a budget amendment for 2022 that would authorize the government to issue guarantees of up to SEK 3 billion (US$305 million) for the purpose of insuring critical raw material imports for industry, to be administered by the Swedish Export Credit Agency (EKN). The new government guarantee is intended to support the green transition threatened by increased demand for critical raw materials and increases in raw material prices which have risen markedly since Russia's invasion of Ukraine. The raw material guarantee would fall under EKN's sustainability policy and hence EKN must take into account its guaranteeing of the environment, extraction of fossil fuels, human rights and working conditions, combating corruption and tax evasion and promoting sustainable lending to poor countries. As the credit guarantee is linked to the import of raw materials, unlike EKN's other range of export credit guarantees, a new regulation is required and a Proposal for a new regulation went out for consultation on 25 March.

https://www.regeringen.se/pressmeddelanden/2022/04/regeringen-foreslar-en-ravaru...


Aeroflot negotiating purchase of 8 ECA financed Airbus aircraft

(AssumeTech, Iceland, 21 April 2022) Aeroflot is considering the purchase of 8 chartered Airbus SE aircraft after the European Union provided a mechanism for lenders to dispose of some seized aircraft in Russia after the invasion of Ukraine, TASS reported. The planes operate under so-called finance leases, which the European Union created a penalty waiver this month by allowing payments from agreements signed before February 26. Financial leases refer in to new Airbus and Boeing aircraft, with export credit agencies guaranteeing approximately 85% of the amount lent to an airline by a banking association. Most of the approximately 500 foreign-owned aircraft blocked in Russia operate under operating leases in which airlines lease planes for a specified period and can return them to the owner after the contract has expired. Russia passed a law banning foreign-owned planes from leaving without state permission after the Ukrainian invasion imposed penalties on lessors for canceling contracts and trying to return their planes.

https://asumetech.com/russian-airlines-is-negotiating-for-the-purchase-of-8-airb...


What's New March 2022

What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today!

Export credits face Russia sanctions AND the Paris Agreement

(ECA Watch, Ottawa, 29 March 2022) As governments struggle to find fossil fuel supplies to offset dependence on imports from Russia, and transnational oil firms reap huge profits from higher oil prices and look for more through new projects and pipelines, and families around the world face not only higher gas prices to fill the family car or local buses but also higher food costs driven by dependence on fossil fuel dependent agriculture and manufacturing chains, Export Credit Agencies confront the big contradictions between pressures to not finance global warming and Western political expectations of livestyles and infrastructures dependent on fossil fuels. This month's What's New looks at ECA cuts to fossil fuel projects and ECA support for Russian projects and the war in Ukraine. Requests for ECA investments in Mozambique and East African pipelines face African demands instead for renewable energy projects and rejection of African complicity in looming global warming. For years ECA Watch has documented the billions of ECA investments in fossil fuels. One investment industry source estimates that the cumulative total volume of sustainable export finance deals in the five years to the end of 2021 was [only] $109 billion across 353 deals. They noted that about 20% of export finance deals ($28.6 Billion) through 2021 were classified as sustainable, i.e. 80%, or $143 billion, weren't. And on top of that, the European Securities and Marketing Authority (ESMA) has warned that the definition of sustainable export finance (for example measurement of CO2 emissions) can be subject to greenwashing. In fact one commercial research company in February removed 1,200 so called environment, social and governance (ESG) funds, with a combined $1.4 trillion in assets, from its European sustainable investment lists, after tightening its criteria on ESG tagging, as it believed those funds were not delivering on their stated ESG [Environmental, Social and (Corporate) Governance] goals. The slack monitoring of the "gentlemans' agreement" of the OECD "common approaches" definitions and environmental standards for official ECAs is well known, with the result that pressures are mounting for the Councel of the European Union to act to enforce ECA compliance with the Paris Agreement, since the OECD "disciplines have not been sufficiently modernized" and the OECD Arrangement is "not keeping up with the pace demanded by both changing economic and climate environments".




ECAs slam the door on Russia

(Global Trade Review, London, 9 March 2022) Export credit agencies and trade credit insurers have hurriedly axed coverage for Russia and Belarus as the deepening conflict and western sanctions interrupt trade and major projects. At least 10 ECAs have stopped or limited coverage for the two countries since late February, when Russian President Vladimir Putin launched an invasion of Ukraine. Many ECAs have also suspended coverage of Ukraine. ECA exposures to Russia range from the relatively modest A$3mn of Export Finance Australia to the substantial €1.7bn on the books of Austria’s OeKB. Other exposures disclosed to GTR or in annual reports include €1bn for Finnvera, Finland’s ECA; US$453mn for Sweden’s EKN; US$428mn for the US Export-Import Bank (US Exim); and €170mn for Poland’s Kuke. ECAs which may have significant exposures but did not respond to questions or publicly disclose exposures include those in France, Italy, Japan and Spain. UK Export Finance (UKEF) has £49.9mn in remaining exposure to buyers in Russia. UKEF declined to respond on the record but GTR understands the agency’s total exposure relating to Russia is just over £100mn.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/global/export-credit-agencies-and-trade-credit-ins...


European Council conclusions on official export credits

(European Council, Brussels, 15 March 2022) The Council's conclusion underlines that officially supported export credits are key levers in order to achieve priority policy goals for the European Union and its Member States. Such goals include the building of a strong industrial Europe, while ensuring the transition to low greenhouse gas emissions. Officially supported export credits are essential for Europe's global industrial competitiveness as they support European companies in competing for contracts and projects overseas, thereby providing jobs and growth, including for Small and Medium Enterprises, across EU Member States. Officially supported export credits originated by EU Member States are highly regulated, notably by the OECD Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits and EU Regulation No. 1233/201. They note that "these disciplines have not been sufficiently modernized, given the evolution of global value chains and the international competition from non-OECD countries". They further note "that even though there has been increased progress in the negotiations on the OECD Arrangement, they are still not keeping up with the pace demanded by both changing economic and climate environments". While acknowledging "the need to adapt export credit policies accordingly, in an effort to limit the global average temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels", the Council conclusions focus on the goal of a "global level playing field and the modernisation of the OECD Arrangement" with a view to ensuring that "officially supported export credits are essential for Europe's global industrial competitiveness as they support European companies in competing for contracts and projects overseas". ECA Watch notes that this EU position on ending public support for fossil fuels fails to do exactly that. See our statement issued on March 15th.

https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2022/03/15/the-council-a...


Berne Union Launches New Climate Working Group (CWG)

(Berne Union, London, 17 March 2022) The group leverages the Berne Union network to connect innovation in export credit with global problem-solving around climate challenges and sustainable development. The ultimate objective of the Climate Working Group is to accelerate climate action in the export credit, trade finance and political risk insurance industries by fostering innovation and promoting alignment around low-carbon transition. The CWG is chaired by EDC's Leah Gilbert Morris, and administrated by the Berne Union Secretariat. Institutions leading the work of the CWG include: AGENCE FRANÇAISE DE DÉVELOPPEMENT (AFD); AFRICAN TRADE INSURANCE AGENCY (ATI); AXA XL; BPIFRANCE; DZ BANK; EDC CANADA; EKN SWEDEN; INVESTEC; MIGA (WORLD BANK); UK EXPORT FINANCE; US DEVELOPMENT FINANCE CORPORATION. [It will be interesting to see whether this is just another greenwashing initiative. Some 1200 supposedly ESG compliant funds with a combined $1.4 trillion in assets were recently dropped by commercial research company Morningstar from its European sustainable investment ratings, which presumably follow EU Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulations (SFDR). EDC's role as Chair of the CWG would seem compromised by EDC's portfolio, which provided more public finance for fossil fuels than any G20 country other than China between 2016 and 2018, with EDC providing on average $13.8 billion in support to oil and gas companies each year.]

https://www.berneunion.org/Articles/Details/661/Berne-Union-Launches-New-Climate...


EDC targets growing demand for ESG financing

(Globe & Mail, Toronto, 28 March 2022) Canada’s export credit agency is looking to capitalize on the growing trend for sustainable investing, launching a set of new financial tools aimed at supporting socially oriented businesses and helping large greenhouse gas emitters reduce their carbon footprint. Export Development Canada has issued green bonds since 2014, using the proceeds to invest in public transportation and renewable energy projects. [We have pointed out in other articles in this month's What's New that EDC provided more public finance for fossil fuels than any G20 country other than China, on average $13.8 billion in support to oil and gas companies each year between 2016 and 2018. So they have a long way to go to offset their fossil fuel vs sustainability imbalance.]

https://www.theglobeandmail.com/business/article-edc-targets-growing-demand-for-...


EDC backed loan to primarily Russian-owned Buhler Industries

(CBC, Winnipeg, 9 March 2022) In December 2020 Export Development Canada — a federal Crown credit corporation — signed a guarantee to back half of a $14-million loan to Winnipeg's 97% Russian owned Buhler Industries to support the company's ongoing operations. The manufacturer of farming equipment, including Versatile tractors, has been under scrutiny since Konstantin Babkin, who resigned as a Buhler director on March 2, made at least two public statements in support of Russia's invasion of Ukraine. Babkin leads the Action Party, a Russian political party that has supported Russian President Vladimir Putin. On Feb. 21, Babkin tweeted out the party's support of Putin's decision "to recognize the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics" in Ukraine. Buhler Industries has repeatedly denounced Russia's attack on Ukraine. Babkin's resignation did not impact his ownership stake in Buhler Industries, which is 97% owned by Combine Factory Rostselmash. That company is a subsidiary of Novoe Sodrugestvo CJSC, a Russian conglomerate co-owned by Babkin, current Buhler director Dmitry Udras and Buhler CEO Yury Ryazanov. EDC has not purrsued business related to Russian contracts or Russian borrowers since 2014, when Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula, Buhler Industries says pulling out of the loan could have a huge impact on Canadian workers, farm equipment dealers and farmers who count on the company for spare parts.

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/export-development-buhler-loan-1.6373466


Indian Exporters Find Themselves Caught In Russia/Ukraine Crossfire

(Bloomberg Quint, New Delhi, 1 March 2022) Even before the harshest of sanctions ⁠hit, trouble had started to build for those in India doing business with Russia. On Friday evening, two days after Russia began attacking sites in Ukraine, Rakesh Shah, director at Nipha Exports in Kolkata, received an email from the Export Credit Guarantee Corporation of India stating that export credit guarantees for exports to Russia would now be approved only on a case-by-case basis and not as freely as it was before. This was done to account for the rising risk in the region, the government said in a release while clarifying that the cover has not been completely withdrawn. On Tuesday, Reuters reported that India's largest bank State Bank of India has stopped transactions with Russian entities under sanctions to avoid being in breach of them. Nipha Exports has €1,00,000 worth of material to be shipped to Russia and unfulfilled orders worth €3,00,000 up to May this year. With impediments to trade rising, how quickly it will be able to resume shipments and get payments is anybody’s guess.

https://www.bloombergquint.com/business/russia-ukraine-crisis-indian-exporters-f...


Korea Wins US Export Ban Exemption, Shores Up Exporters to Russia

(Asia Financial, London & Hong Kong, 4 March 2022) South Korea said on Friday that it had won an exemption from expanded US export restrictions imposed on Russia over its invasion of Ukraine, Seoul’s trade ministry said on Friday. The exemption means Korean companies won’t have to secure licences from Washington for exports using US technology before they can be shipped to Russia. The US rule, part of Washington’s sanctions on Moscow, was feared to affect major South Korean exporters, as they make heavy use of US technology and software. The move followed meetings between Yeo Han-koo, South Korea’s trade minister, and senior US officials in Washington on Thursday. Seoul unveiled a list of measures to help companies with export records to Russia or Ukraine in the previous year. They include export credit guarantees and short-term export insurance.

https://www.asiafinancial.com/korea-wins-us-ban-exemption-shores-up-exports-to-r...


Pressure on Japan's energy ties in Russia ratchets up with Shell's Sakhalin exit

(S&P Global, Tokyo, 1 March 2022) Pressure is mounting for Japanese companies to review their energy business connections with Russia in the wake of Shell's withdrawal from the Sakhalin 2 project, which accounts for close to 9% of Japan's LNG imports, industry sources said. Shell's Feb. 28 announcement that it was withdrawing from its partnerships with Russian energy giant Gazprom, including the Sakhalin 2 crude oil and LNG project in the Russian Far East, in response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine. Jogmec provides an equity financing and loan guarantee to Japan Arctic LNG, a subsidiary of Mitsui, which has a 10% stake in the Arctic LNG 2 project. NEXI provides export credit insurance and export credit guarantees for Japanese companies' energy businesses including LNG in Russia.

https://www.spglobal.com/commodity-insights/en/market-insights/latest-news/oil/0...


ECIC Growing Its Footprint In Ethiopia and the DRC

(Forbes Africa, Johannesburg, 4 March 2022) The Export Credit Insurance Corporation (ECIC) provides political and commercial risk insurance cover to South African exporters of goods and services and to cross border investors. Its strategic focus is on emerging markets in Africa and outside the continent that are considered too risky for conventional insurers. Ethiopia and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are amongst the largest economies in Africa and are therefore key markets for South African exporters and the ECIC.  The ongoing civil war, which started in November 2019, created a highly uncertain environment in Ethiopia. The recent release of opposition political party officials from prison by the central government is a significant step towards a resolution of the civil war. Investments into Ethiopia for which ECIC was involved include a US$12,5 million in a cement plant by South Africa’s Pretoria Portland Cement (PPC) and a USD121,5m by Vodacom South Africa in 2021. ECIC provided political risk insurance cover for both investments. The DRC is endowed with exceptional mineral resources including cobalt and copper, significant arable land, and huge hydropower potential. This continues to attract significant investment into the country making it the third largest recipient of foreign direct investment in Sub Saharan Africa. The ECIC supported projects in various sectors of DRC including mining, transport, food, and construction sectors. South Africa can supply capital, skills, machinery, and consumer goods to help the country reach its development potential.

https://www.forbesafrica.com/brand-voice/2022/03/04/the-african-insurance-compan...


SACE freezes loan for Russian Arctic LNG 2 plant

(Reuters, Rome, 1 March 2022) Russia's invasion of Ukraine has prompted Italy to put on hold its share of financing for the $21 billion Arctic LNG 2 project led by privately-owned Russian gas producer Novatek (NVTK.MM), two sources close to the matter told Reuters on Tuesday. Italian state lender Cassa Depositi e Prestiti (CDP) and the Russian arm of Italy's biggest bank Intesa Sanpaolo (ISP.MI) had agreed in recent weeks to help finance Novatek's project. The loan was set to be guaranteed by SACE, Italy's export credit agency, which has already insured nearly 5 billion euros worth of projects and investments relating to Russia. SACE also notes that it is temporarily suspending the evaluation and acceptance of new risks for export credit activities in Russia and in Belarus.

https://www.reuters.com/markets/europe/exclusive-italy-freezes-loan-russian-arct...


Judges split over UKEF funding of Mozambique gas project

(Drill or Drop, London, 15 March 2022) Two judges have disagreed in what could be a landmark case over whether the UK government acted lawfully in approving $1.15bn financing for a liquified natural gas (LNG) project in Mozambique. The case at the High Court, brought by Friends of the Earth, examined the decision to fund the scheme through the export credit agency, UK Export Finance (UKEF), approved by the Treasury and the Department for International Trade. The judges’ split decision means the judicial review has not yet succeeded and a court order is awaited with the final result. Friends of the Earth said today it was likely to appeal if the judicial review was refused. The case, which tested compliance with the Paris Agreement, centred on the failure to assess the project’s total climate impact by taking into account emissions produced from the end-use of the gas, known as scope 3. This is thought to be the first time a judge has argued that to be consistent with the Paris Agreement all finance flows must be shown to be in line with the international ambition to limit temperature rise to 1.5C.

https://drillordrop.com/2022/03/15/high-court-judges-split-over-government-decis...


Korean ECAs sued to stop deep-sea oil pipeline

(BBC, London, 23 March 2022) Tiwi Islands and Larrakia Traditional Owners in Australia’s Northern Territory and youth activists in South Korea have taken the South Korean government to court to stop it from financing Santos and SK E&S’ offshore deep sea Barossa gas project. The legal challenge could prevent the South Korean Government from lending some $AU964 million (US$722m) to the $4.7 billion Barossa gas project via its export credit agencies, the Export-Import Bank of Korea (KEXIM) and the Korea Trade Insurance Corporation (K-SURE), putting the financial viability of the entire project at risk. The Traditional Owners argue they have not been consulted about the project - which threatens their sea country and way of life - and therefore have not been given the opportunity to give their free, prior and informed consent for it to proceed. Plans for the gas project include a 300km-long pipeline to be built through their sea country, an area under their legal jurisdiction. Traditional Owners fear impacts to cultural sites, turtles and other marine life that are central to their culture and the local ecotourism industry. Energy giant Santos is pushing ahead with development for the major new gas field off the coast of Darwin, in what it says is the biggest investment in Australia's oil and gas industry in almost a decade.

https://www.bbc.com/news/business-60828912


What's New February 2022

What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today!

Questions? Email info-at-eca-watch.org

See all "What's New!" updates since 2005 here.

  • Paris Agreement alignment of EDC (NOT!)
  • Germany suspends Russian export credit guarantees
  • Indian exporters hold back shipments to CIS
  • Ukraine: TFX Trade Risk Briefing - What might be the impact of sanctions?
  • EXIM's first Black leader faces challenges on China, climate, equity
  • Total’s East African crude oil pipeline ‘struggling’ to find financiers
  • AfCFTA Secretariat, Afreximbank Seal Deal on $10bn Fund to Boost African Economies
  • AfreximBank Trade Centre Harare project to start soon
  • Sustainability in export finance – the push for change
  • Italy clears hurdle to buy SACE in $4.8 bln deal
  • Building a bank for entrepreneurs is crucial, says CEO of Bpifrance
  • Canada Bangladesh FTA negotiations with EDC role?
  • Africa's Fossil-fuel Investment Trap

Paris Agreement alignment of EDC (NOT!)

(Perspectives Climate Group, Freiburg, 15 February 2022) Perspectives Climate Group has launched a new 41 page report which finds that despite commitments made at and after COP26, Export Development Canada's activities are not aligned with the Paris Agreement's 1.5 degree objective. In total, the  exposure  of  EDC’s  portfolio to carbon-intensive activities stood at 26% – equalling a total exposure of about USD$16 billion – by the end of 2020.  Support for ‘cleantech’ activities, the Canadian label for climate- or sustainability-related activities, was small compared to fossil fuel-related support standing at about USD 2.33 billion per year. Total portfolio exposure is not reported for ‘cleantech’ and a definition of ‘cleantech’ based on a positive list of activities does not exist. Currently, negative emission technologies like carbon capture and storage (CCS) are eligible for the cleantech definition. While there are reasons to justify CCS in some cases, we deem it as misleading to classify them as ‘cleantech’ because they can lead to prolonging fossil fuel infrastructure lifetime and to spurring fossil fuel demand. EDC's  official  exclusion  policy  for  fossil  fuels  only  applies  to  thermal  coal, not mettalurgical coal, another high-carbon intensive and important Canadian export good. Limiting temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels requires massively re-directing financial flows away from carbon-intensive activities and towards low-carbon activities. However, despite commitments made under Article 2.1(c) of the Paris Agreement ... many countries still provide significant financial support to fossil fuel value chains, among others, through their export credit agencies (ECAs). Canada's National Observer notes that EDC needs to clean up its act on climate.

https://www.perspectives.cc/public/fileadmin/user_upload/ECA_Canada.pdf


Germany suspends Russian export credit guarantees

(Wall Street Journal, Berlin, 25 February 2022) Berlin has stopped the approval of export credit and investment guarantees for Russia, the Economy Ministry said. With the so-called Hermes cover credit export guarantees, the German government protects companies against the insolvency of foreign customers. Germany issued such guarantees for trade with Russia to the tune of 1.49 billion euros, equivalent to $1.67 billion, in 2021, the ministry said. The instrument has been in use since 1949. ECA Watch Italian member ReCommon has asked SACE to clarify its position given its EUR 4.3 billion exposure in Russia. Numberous other international sanctions have been imposed on Russa.

https://www.wsj.com/livecoverage/russia-ukraine-latest-news/card/germany-suspend...


Indian exporters hold back shipments to CIS

(Deccan Chronicle, Secunderabad, 28 February 2022) The Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) [of India] has decided to withdraw coverage for shipments to Russia with effect from February 25. ECGC in a communication had said: "based on the near-term commercial outlook, it has been decided to modify the country risk classification of Russia under the short-term and medium-and-long term with effect from February 25." Indian exporters to Russia and CIS countries face uncertainty over goods worth $500 million due to the withdrawal of credit guarantee cover on items bound for the region, sanctions on Russian banks and feared disruptions at ports in the Baltic region.

https://www.deccanchronicle.com/business/market/280222/exporters-hold-back-shipm...


Ukraine: TFX Trade Risk Briefing - What might be the impact of sanctions?

(TFX News, London, 25 February 2022) In a 20 minute TFX video, Rebecca Harding, CEO of Coriolis Technologies discusses the practical impact of sanctions on commodity trade and oil and gas prices,  the shift surrounding Nord Stream 2, second the involvement of international payments mechanisms, specifically SWIFT in the fast-moving situation and third the potentials for rebalancing trade power relationships – specifically around Russia’s relationship with China and a pivot from East West to East East – and its limitations.

https://www.txfnews.com//News/Article/7339/Ukraine-Trade-Risk-Briefing-There-is-...


EXIM's first Black leader faces challenges on China, climate, equity

(Sherrod Brown, Washington, 10 February 2022) U.S. Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH), Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, applauded Reta Jo Lewis’ confirmation as President of the Export-Import (EXIM) Bank. Lewis was confirmed by a vote of 56-40. Lewis currently serves as a Senior Fellow and Director of Congressional Affairs at the German Marshall Fund, where she leads bipartisan efforts to strengthen transatlantic cooperation. Before joining the German Marshall Fund, Ms. Lewis served in the Obama Administration as the State Department’s first-ever Special Representative for Global Intergovernmental Affairs. Reuters noted that EXIM starts a new era as Lewis takes office as the first person of color and the first Black woman to lead the agency, facing challenges on competing with China’s massive export financing, climate change and racial equity.

https://www.brown.senate.gov/newsroom/press/release/brown-lewis-confirmation-win...


Total’s East African crude oil pipeline ‘struggling’ to find financiers

(NationofChange, Costa Mesa CA, 8 February 2022) Campaigners have for years opposed the proposed pipeline and associated oil projects. They say that EACOP – which is set to be electrically heated to keep the oil at the right temperature – would cut through vital rivers and forest ecosystems. If the pipeline is built, over 100,000 people across Uganda and Tanzania would lose agricultural land, and thousands could lose their homes. TotalEnergies and partner China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) signalled a public intention to proceed with the project last week. They pledged to invest more than US$10 billion in developing crude oil production in East Africa, in addition to the estimated $3.5-$5 billion cost of the pipeline. However, a coalition of environmental and human rights groups opposing the pipeline, Stop EACOP, says the announcement is thin on detail and the project is not yet assured. Last month, HSBC, Mizuho and the United Overseas Bank all confirmed they are not supporting the project. The statements bring the total number of banks that have distanced themselves from the project to 11, including ANZ, Barclays, BNP Paribas, Crédit Agricole, Credit Suisse, Royal Bank of Canada, Société Générale and UniCredit. After announcing the final investment decision, the shareholders of the East African Crude Oil Pipeline (Eacop) now turn to looking for money.

https://www.nationofchange.org/2022/02/08/totals-east-african-crude-oil-pipeline...


AfCFTA Secretariat, Afreximbank Seal Deal on $10bn Fund to Boost African Economies

(This Day Live, Lagos, 10 February 2022) The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Secretariat and the African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank), yesterday in Cairo, signed an agreement on the management of the AfCFTA Adjustment Fund (ADF) that would require $10 billion over the next five to 10 years. The base fund is a facility that would support African countries to cope with the loss of revenues from import tariffs and the private sector to effectively participate in the new trading environment established under the AfCFTA. Already, Afreximbank has committed $1 billion towards the ADF, which is made up of a base fund, a general fund and a credit fund.

https://www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2022/02/10/afcfta-secretariat-afreximbank-...


AfreximBank Trade Centre Harare project to start soon

(Construction Review, Nairobi, 7 February 2022) AfreximBank Trade Centre will house the bank’s southern Africa regional office, that it is part of a bigger strategic plan to transform the bank’s regional offices and headquarters into a network of AATCs. The entire project cost is now estimated to be close to $100 million; however, precise figures are still being finalized. The Harare AATC will include 30 000 square meters of built space, including prime corporate office space, a four-star hotel, conferencing facilities, trade information services, a tech incubation lab, and other amenities. The African Export-Import Bank Africa Trade Centre (AATC), often known as Afreximbank, head office in Harare is taking form, with full drawings already sketched and building set to begin in the third quarter of this year. The project, which is anticipated to be completed by 2025, will make Harare a critical hub for delivering the African Continental Free Trade Agreement’s promise (ACfTA).

https://constructionreviewonline.com/biggest-projects/afreximbank-trade-centre-t...


Sustainability in export finance – the push for change

(TXF News, London, 2 February 2022) The volume of sustainable deals within the export finance sector is growing. But to take this forward positively across all industrial sectors requires a sensible debate with a clear pathway to ensure business is not lost. Widespread sustainability within export finance is something which has come relatively late to the framework of export credit agency-backed financing, particularly when compared to development bank financing activity. For some time there has been a wide perception that export financing is lagging behind DFI financing in terms of overall sustainability. But its here now and is on the agendas of ECAs and most international commercial banks alike. This has not been easy and will still be tough for ECAs going forward. Why? Because ECAs are there to support and service their exporters, and many of these companies are going to be involved in some way and in some part of the energy transition for decades to come. This is a big debate which will no doubt rage for some time to come. The issue of sustainability within the export finance industry grew last year with the publication of the International Chamber of Commerce White Paper on Sustainability in Export Finance.

https://www.txfnews.com/News/Article/7329/Sustainability-in-export-finance-the-p...


Italy clears hurdle to buy SACE in $4.8 bln deal

(Reuters, Rome, 25 January 2022) Italy approved a long-awaited decree needed for the Treasury to buy credit insurance agency SACE from state lender Cassa Depositi e Prestiti (CDP) in a deal expected to be worth around 4.25 billion euros ($4.81 billion). The Treasury wants to directly control the export agency, given its growing importance in supporting the economy. Rome supports SACE by partly sharing its risk exposure, which could potentially hurt public finances over time. SACE's governance will be in the hands of the Treasury, dealing a blow to Di Maio whose Foreign Affairs Ministry, according to one of the sources, is set to lose control over strategic decisions regarding the export credit. The deal reverses the divestment made during the 2012 sovereign debt crisis by the technocrat government of Mario Monti, which sold SACE to the CDP for around 6 billion euros.

https://www.reuters.com/business/finance/italy-approves-decree-buy-export-agency...


Building a bank for entrepreneurs is crucial, says CEO of Bpifrance

(New African Magazine, London, 11 February 2022) Bpifrance Assurance Export, a department of the investment bank Bpifrance, administers French state export guarantees management, transfered from the the Coface Group in 2015. Bpifrance notes that it helps stimulate French business’ growth by offering loans, providing guarantees and awarding buyer credit and supplier credit to encourage business abroad. It finances over 80 000 companies and provided over 6000 investment loans and 50000 short term loans in 2018 with a total production of 19 billion euros. Bpifrance is also the innovation agency for entrepreneurs with 1,3 billion euros of innovation soft loans distributed to 6000 companies every year.

https://newafricanmagazine.com/27763/


Canada Bangladesh FTA negotiations with EDC role?

(New Age Business, Dhaka, 8 February 2022) The governments of Bangladesh and Canada are working on signing a free trade agreement and a foreign investment promotion and protection agreement to increase bilateral trade between the two countries. Masud Rahman, president of the Canada-Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce and Industry, said that Export Development Canada (EDC) can play a role in increasing investment through the formation of ‘Bangladesh Fund’.

https://www.newagebd.net/article/162236/fta-negotiations-with-canada-underway-en...


Africa’s Fossil-Fuel Investment Trap

(Foreign Affairs, Congers NY, 17 February 2022) By continuing to finance gas expansion in Africa Nnimmo Bassey and Anabela Lemos argue that outside investors, including ECAs, are in fact displacing renewables, delaying Africa’s energy transition, and making it harder for countries to decarbonize and escape a harmful extractive economic model. Investments in renewable energy would produce an economic model that is cheaper, more reliable, and more democratic. Africa need not be seen as a site of destitution and need. It is a continent with rich knowledge, practices, and potential for establishing ecologically sound socioeconomic systems — ones that don’t replicate the mistakes made by so many others in the past century. Ending coal finance now but oil and gas investments later, as advocated by Nigeria's Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, puts off African development now and continues to channel these investments into corrupt regimes and/or inefficient technologies, and not into more immediate benefits from new efficient long-term electricity/energy technologies for Africans now.

https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/africa/2022-02-17/africas-fossil-fuel-tr...


What's New January 2022

What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today!

Questions? Email info-at-eca-watch.org

See all "What's New!" updates since 2005 here.

  • Campaigners say EU due diligence laws should apply to ECAs
  • Export credit agencies provide billions to fossil fuel projects each year
  • Why oil-loving Ottawa must end its financing of fossil fuels
  • UK holds Africa Investment Conference aimed at UK "green" exports
  • UK and Italy kick off talks on new trade partnership
  • Efforts Aim to Boost Arab Exports to Russia
  • Swedish Export Credit Corporation recruits Head of Sustainability
  • UAE and South Korean ECAs in pact to boost green energy projects
  • ECA Market Set for Explosive Growth | Coface, Zurich, Euler Hermes, Sinosure, Atradius
  • China unveils guidelines to stabilize trade
  • Genting Hong Kong confirms insolvency filing in Germany based on Euler Hermes block
  • OECD Global Anti-Corruption & Integrity Forum: 30 March - 1 April
  • EDPR and DEK ink debt funding for 149-MW Polish wind portfolio
  • EXIM Accused of Switch From Anti Chinese Communist Party To Beijing Ally

Campaigners say EU due diligence laws should apply to ECAs

(Global Trade Review, London 19 January 2022) A planned European Union law requiring large and businesses and financial institutions to conduct human rights and environmental due diligence should also apply to export credit agencies (ECAs), activists say. The initiative has strong support from the European Parliament but the Commission’s draft text has been held up twice by a regulatory oversight board that scrutinises proposed laws, according to MEPs. In December last year, four MEPs blamed the delays on lobbying by business groups in France and Denmark, and requested access to the board’s opinions on the draft proposals, which are not usually published until proposals are formally adopted. ECA Watch, a network of global non-government organisations who argue for ECA reform and transparency, sent a letter to the Commission in November urging ECAs to be in scope of the proposed law, noting" “Active obligations from ECAs [under the law] will effectively encourage a significant number of companies to fulfil their due diligence obligations and ensure that also ECAs themselves effectively comply with the human rights and environmental obligations of the member states on whose behalf they operate... Past experience shows that export credit guarantees are repeatedly granted for projects with serious adverse human rights and environmental consequences.” One of the letter’s authors, Heike Drillisch from German human rights and environment initiative CounterCurrent, says that while ECAs judge projects against standards such as the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, they may not take an interest in the companies involved and whether they are respecting human rights. “We say that as state money is involved in export credit schemes, there should really be a heightened due diligence process in place and ECAs should be aware of not becoming complicit in human rights violations which occur in the project,” Drillisch tells GTR. Lawmakers want to capture non-EU firms too. A non-binding European Parliament resolution on the proposed law, adopted by 504 votes to 79, called on EU governments not to allow access to ECA support for companies that do not comply with the “objective” of the law. Asked how likely it is that public finance and insurance bodies such as ECAs will be in scope of the legislation, Linklaters associate James Marlow says to the extent that such organisations “are public bodies and extensions of member state governments, it is less likely that they will be directly captured by any regime… on mandatory due diligence”. However, Marlow tells GTR, to avoid reputational damage “it is possible that such bodies would be impacted indirectly as they or their government may look to align their policies and processes with stakeholder expectations and obligations” that apply to their counterparts in the private sector.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/europe/upcoming-eu-due-diligence-laws-should-apply...


Export credit agencies provide billions to fossil fuel projects each year

(Fossil Free ECAs, Amsterdam, 30 January 2022) We can’t solve the climate crisis if export credit agencies (ECAs) continue to bankroll fossil fuels. This campaign is designed to inform the public and tell the governments behind these agencies to immediately end all export credit and other public financial support for oil, gas and coal. In recent years, banks and other private lenders have been backing out of fossil fuel projects as they recognise the huge financial risks posed by climate change. Governments with an interest in seeing these projects succeed are turning to ECAs to bankroll and encourage further investment in the projects. Fossil fuel support from ECAs disproportionately benefits corporations based in the Global North and impedes a just energy transition in the Global South.

https://www.fossilfreeecas.org/


Why oil-loving Ottawa must end its financing of fossil fuels

(Toronto Star, Ottawa, 17 January 2022) By Karen Hamilton, director of ECA Watch member Above Ground, a project of MakeWay Charitable Society that works to ensure companies based in Canada or supported by the Canadian state respect human rights and the environment wherever they operate. Fossil fuel subsidies will likely figure prominently in climate policy debates when Parliament resumes sitting later this month, with particular focus on how Ottawa will fulfil its recent pledge to end fossil fuel subsidies by 2023, two years earlier than originally promised. Equally deserving of public attention is the government’s commitment to phase out public financing of fossil fuels. This support, which the government does not consider a subsidy, has led to Canada being singled out on the world stage as one of the biggest boosters of fossil fuels. At last count, this support totalled $13.6 billion a year on average. Most of Canada’s fossil finance comes from Export Development Canada (EDC), which provides loans, insurance and other forms of support to companies in Canada and abroad. EDC has recently issued billions in loans for controversial projects such as the Trans Mountain and Coastal GasLink pipelines.

https://www.thestar.com/business/opinion/2022/01/15/why-oil-loving-ottawa-must-e...


UK holds Africa Investment Conference aimed at UK "green" exports

(RunningAfrica, location unknown, 21 January 2022) The UK Government reportedly hosted the second Africa Investment Conference on January 20th, 2022 to boost the nation’s economic cooperation with African countries and also enhance its role as the continent’s chosen investment partner for climate-friendly, green ventures. Anne-Marie Trevelyan, Secretary of State for International Trade, UK, had hosted the one-day virtual event, which focused on unlocking millions of pounds of new investments, particularly for clean energy sectors in the UK as well as across Africa. UK’s export credit agency, UK Export Finance, has significantly increased support for the African market over the last year, going from £600 million ($815 million) in 2018-19 to over £2.3 billion ($3.1 billion) in 2020-21. The Independent of London notes: "The UK is playing host to an African Investment Conference on Thursday, as it scrambles to retain influence on the continent, an investment battle ground for the world’s largest economies."

https://www.runningafrica.com/uk-holds-2nd-africa-investment-conference-aims-at-...


UK and Italy kick off talks on new trade partnership

(Jersey Evening Post, St Helier, 12 January 2022) The UK and Italy have started discussions on a new export and investment partnership aimed at boosting trade between the two countries, the International Trade Secretary announced. Italy is the world’s eighth-largest economy and trade between Rome and London was worth £38 billion last year. Italy is the UK's ninth-largest trading partner, while the UK is Italy’s fifth-largest export market. London and Rome will also try to boost collaboration and sharing of best practice between the two countries’ export credit organisations – UK Export Finance and the Italian Export Credit Agency [SACE] – helping SMEs and companies looking to grow. At the meeting of G20 trade ministers on Tuesday, the International Trade Secretary made the case that British businesses that “play by the rules” should not be “damaged and undercut by market-distorting practices from other countries”. The announcement comes after Ms Trevelyan, UK International Trade Secretary called for greater transparency at the World Trade Organisation and reform of its rules around state subsidies.

https://jerseyeveningpost.com/morenews/uknews/2022/01/12/uk-and-italy-kick-off-t...


Efforts Aim to Boost Arab Exports to Russia

(Asharq Al-Awsat, London, 27 January 2022) The Arab Investment and Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (Dhaman) said it is ready to boost trade and investment cooperation between Arab states and Russia through its diverse insurance, information and research services. This came in a worksheet presented by Head of Research and Publishing Unit Ahmed Eldabaa on behalf of Dhaman’s Director-General Abdullah Ahmad al-Sabeeh in the opening session of the Russian-Arab Business Council, which kicked off on Tuesday at the Dubai EXPO Exhibition Center. The sheet revealed that the value of Russian-Arab trade ties stood at $14.7 billion, according to UNCTAD data, during the period between 2011 and 2020. This represents 2.1% of Russia’s foreign trade volume and 0.8% of the Arab countries' foreign trade volume in the Mediterranean.

https://english.aawsat.com/home/article/3439706/efforts-aim-boost-arab-exports-r...


Swedish Export Credit Corporation recruits Head of Sustainability

(Market Screener, 14 January 2022) The Swedish Export Credit Corporation, SEK, establishes a new role in the executive management to accelerate work on sustainability, and has recruited Maria Simonson as Head of Sustainability. Maria has joined SEK from Danske Bank where she was Head of Group Sustainability. The Swedish Export Credit Corporation (SEK) is a state-owned company that finances Swedish exporters, their suppliers, and international buyers of Swedish products and services. SEK states that "Sustainability is central to SEK's operations, and therefore it is a natural step to finance the industry's transition to a fossil-free society; a development that also creates new export opportunities."

https://www.marketscreener.com/quote/stock/DANSKE-BANK-A-S-1412871/news/Swedish-...


UAE and South Korean ECAs in pact to boost green energy projects

(National News, Abu Dhabi, 17 January 2022) Etihad Credit Insurance has signed an agreement with the Korea Trade Insurance Corporation, better known as K-Sure, to boost investment in the development of sustainable green energy. The partnership will focus on hydrogen projects and seek to boost trade relations between the UAE and South Korea.

https://www.thenationalnews.com/business/energy/2022/01/17/uae-and-south-korean-...


ECA Market Set for Explosive Growth | Coface, Zurich, Euler Hermes, Sinosure, Atradius

(Digital Journal, New Jersey, 17 January 2022) A new intelligence report released by HTF MI with the title “Credit Insurance Market Survey & Outlook” is designed covering micro level of analysis by Insurers and key business segments, offerings and sales channels. Some of the key players profiled in the study are Euler Hermes, Sinosure, Atradius, Coface, Zurich, Credendo Group, QBE Insurance & Cesce. The global Credit Insurance market was valued at US$12,610 million in 2021 and is projected to reach US$14,500 million by 2028. This study mainly helps understand which market segments or Country; Insurance carriers, Aggregators should focus in years to come to channelize their efforts and investments in Credit Insurance to maximize growth and profitability. [The cost of this report is not advertised and my efforts to access an advertised summary were blocked.]

https://www.digitaljournal.com/pr/credit-insurance-market-set-for-explosive-grow...


China unveils guidelines to stabilize trade

(Global Times, Beijing, 12 January 2022) China's cabinet, on Tuesday called for efforts to ensure domestic supplies of commodities, as part of guidelines to stabilize exports and imports as a countercyclical buffer against uncertainty clouding the trade landscape. Presently, the country's exports and imports are facing increased uncertainty, instability and imbalance, and the fundamentals of its trade operations remain unsound, the State Council said in an announcement on Tuesday while releasing a slew of countercyclical measures to prop up micro, small and medium-sized trade businesses. Among the measures that are intended to secure orders, stabilize expectations and foster stable trade are efforts to coordinate and ensure stable commodity imports, revise and improve the list of retail imports via cross-border e-commerce, and broaden the import categories to better meet diversified consumption needs. On top of that, the guidelines proposed an acceleration of export tax rebates and the improvement of export credit insurance services to better protect smaller trade firms against the cancellation of orders before shipments.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/page/202201/1245712.shtml


Genting Hong Kong confirms insolvency filing in Germany based on Euler Hermes block

(Bharat Express News, Punjab, 11 January 2022) MV Werften, the German cruise ship builder controlled by Malaysian billionaire Lim Kok Thay’s Genting Hong Kong, has filed for bankruptcy after failing to strike a deal with the German government to support additional funding for a mega cruise ship that the company built for Genting Hong Kong. As the travel industry grapples with the lingering impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, Genting Hong Kong requested additional funding to complete construction of the 342-meter-long cruise ship, dubbed the Global Dream, which could accommodate up to 9,500 passengers. While agreements were reached with creditors in June 2021, Euler Hermes, the German government’s export credit insurance agency, refused to confirm insurance coverage for the finance facility, preventing creditors to disburse the loan in December, the operator of Star Cruises said in a regulatory statement. deposit Monday. “The company understands that Euler Hermes’ rejection is based on a review of the group’s five-year outlook prepared at the request of Euler Hermes, which took into account various stress scenarios affecting the group, in particular a persistent and sustained reduction in activities as a result of Covid-19, ”said Genting Hong Kong.

https://www.thebharatexpressnews.com/german-cruise-ship-builder-owned-by-malaysi...


OECD Global Anti-Corruption & Integrity Forum: 30 March - 1 April

(OECD, Paris, 28 January 2022) The health, economic and social crisis triggered by the pandemic created new opportunities for integrity violations and corruption to thrive, prioritising integrity in governance like never before. How can we renew governance, business, development aid, anti-corruption efforts and taxation with integrity, and establish a renewed sense of social purpose? Anti-corruption NGO Our World in Data notes that: "Many firms from high-income countries engage in bribery across the world. Their official records show that US firms have paid bribes in 80 countries since 1977 - including in many OECD countries. See also Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index.

http://newsletter.oecd.org/q/1HCPzUjZMIRwFCzYyDrr6/wv


EDPR and DEK ink debt funding for 149-MW Polish wind portfolio

(Renewables Now, Fresno, 18 January 2022) Renewable energy producer EDP Renewables (ELI:EDPR) said today it has sealed a deal to obtain debt funding for a 149.4-MW portfolio of wind projects in Poland. The project financing was arranged by the European Investment Bank (EIB), Spain’s Banco Santander and Caixabank SA. Denmark’s EKF acted as export credit agency (ECA) coverage provider. The obtained funds will be directed towards the development, construction and operation of six wind parks in southeastern, northwestern and northern parts of Poland.

https://renewablesnow.com/news/edpr-inks-debt-funding-deal-for-149-mw-polish-win...


EXIM Accused of Switch From Anti Chinese Communist Party To Beijing Ally

(Epoch Times, New York, 10 January 2022) Commentary: Thomas McArdle - While it’s bad enough that President Joe Biden has nominated in Reta Jo Lewis a longtime, committed appeaser of the oppressive, genocidal, and expansionist People’s Republic of China to chair the Export-Import Bank of the United States, it’s probably worse that prominent U.S. business entities continue to gulp the Kool-Aid about the long widely-accepted but now thoroughly discredited notion that capitalism is wooing China into democratic reform and lawfulness. EXIM’s China Program, mandated by Congress, was intended to make EXIM’s private loan guarantees and other products for U.S. exporters “fully competitive with rates, terms, and other conditions established by the People’s Republic of China” for its export business interests, utilizing 20 percent of EXIM’s total financing authority–some $27 billion out of $135 billion–and to advance competition with China in “innovation, employment, and technological standards” focused on 10 industries ranging from 5G to fintech to renewable energy to biotechnology. [The Epoch Times was started in 2000 as a Chinese language newspaper associated with the Fulan Gong, a Chinese religious order that opposes communism and is banned from practicing in China.]

https://www.theepochtimes.com/biden-turning-export-import-bank-from-weapon-again...


What's New December 2021

What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today!

Questions? Email info-at-eca-watch.org

See all "What's New!" updates since 2005 here.

  • ECA Watch letter to European Commission re ECAs and corporate social governance
  • Friends of the Earth sues Britain over Mozambique LNG project
  • ESA adopts revised state ECA/corporate aid guidelines
  • Russia's Arctic LNG 2 agrees loans worth 9.5 bln euros
  • Russia's Amur Gas Chemical Complex secures $9.1 bln in ECA & bank loans
  • Facing debt repayment issues China shifts Africa financing focus from infrastructure to trade
  • Charting a new course: The future of UK exports and export finance
  • Biden orders U.S. to stop financing new carbon-intense projects abroad
  • EXIM supports Lithuania in political dispute with China
  • EKF issues ‘biggest ever’ loan for Turkey railway project
  • General Electric : Another milestone for Dogger Bank Wind Farm as it reaches financial close for third phase

ECA Watch letter to European Commission re ECAs and corporate social governance

(ECA Watch, Amsterdam, 25 November 2021) The European Commission is working on a proposal for a directive on corporate social governance, which will include a regulation of the human rights and environmental due diligence (HREDD) obligations of corporations. We urge the proposed new regulation to become legally binding on the due diligence obligations of ECAs of member states, to make ECAs liable for its implementation and to implement export credit insurance as an enforcement mechanism for the legislation., This directive should oblige ECAs to monitor and follow HREDD policies and would ban companies, that have violated their duties under the directive, from ECA support.

https://www.eca-watch.org/sites/default/files/2021-11-25_Letter%20by%20ECA%20Wat...


Friends of the Earth sues Britain over Mozambique LNG project

(Reuters, London, 7 December 2021) – A legal challenge by Friends of the Earth against the British government will be heard on Tuesday in the High Court seeking to block a $1.15 billion financing for a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) project in Mozambique, the environmental activist group said on Tuesday. Britain’s export credit agency UK Export Finance (UKEF) has committed to provide up to $1.15 billion of direct loans and guarantees to banks to support the design, build and operation of the $20 billion LNG project led by French energy company TotalEnergies. Friends of the Earth said in a statement the project was incorrectly judged to be compatible with the Paris climate agreement, without proper assessment of the development’s climate impacts. A recent report by Friends of the Earth estimated that the project could emit up to 4.5 billion tonnes of greenhouse gases over its lifetime. That is more than the combined annual emissions of all 27 EU countries, according to the authors of the report. The money – a combination of loans and guarantees – comes from the government’s export credit agency, UK Export Finance (UKEF). At an advanced point in the negotiations, UKEF “felt that not agreeing to the loan would be embarrassing to the United Kingdom given its role in the African Development Bank”, FOEUK lawyer Simor told the court. The African Development Bank is co-financing the project, which is led by oil company Total. Mozambique is not only one of the poorest countries in the world, but also one of the most affected by the climate crisis and most vulnerable to its impacts. It is also in the middle of a violent Islamic State-led insurgency.

https://kfgo.com/2021/12/07/friends-of-the-earth-sues-britain-over-mozambique-ln...


ESA adopts revised state ECA/corporate aid guidelines

(ECA Watch, Ottawa, 31 December 2021) The EFTA Surveillance Authority (ESA) which monitors non-EU European Free Trade Association States (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway) has adopted two sets of revised guidelines in the field of state aid: one on the promotion of risk finance investments and another on short-term export credit insurance. Both guidelines correspond to guidelines adopted by the European Commission and aim to ensure [the fiction of] a level playing field for businesses across the EEA. State aid for export credits monitored by the EU [and the OECD] enable foreign buyers of goods and services to defer payment. This entails a credit risk for sellers, for which they can insure themselves. This is known as export credit insurance. The guidelines will [supposedly] help ensure that state aid does not distort competition in the EEA among private and public - or publicly supported - export credit insurers, and create a level playing field among exporters.

https://www.marketscreener.com/news/latest/ESA-adopts-revised-state-aid-guidelin...


Russia's Arctic LNG 2 agrees loans worth 9.5 bln euros

(Reuters, Moscow, 30 November 2021) Russian gas producer Novatek (NVTK.MM) said on Tuesday its Arctic LNG 2 plant has signed loan agreements with foreign and Russian banks worth 9.5 billion euros ($10.8 billion), securing necessary external financing for the project. Earlier this year, Novatek shareholders approved external financing of $11 billion for the $21 billion Arctic project, which is expected to start production of liquefied natural gas in 2023. Novatek has had difficulty in securing funds from Europe, wary of political standoff with Russia as well as calls against tapping hydrocarbons in the Arctic amid efforts to tackle climate change. Chinese financial institutions, including the China Development Bank and the Export-Import Bank of China, signed credit facility agreements totalling 2.5 billion eurosfor up to 15 years. Financial institutions from the OECD member countries signed credit facility agreements totaling up to 2.5 billion euro. This includes the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) and other lenders insured by export credit agencies. Sources told Reuters earlier this month that Italy's SACE may insure a loan of around 500 million euros for Arctic LNG 2.

https://www.reuters.com/markets/asia/russias-arctic-lng-2-agrees-loans-worth-95-...


Russia's Amur Gas Chemical Complex secures $9.1 bln in ECA & bank loans

(Reuters, Moscow, 8 December 2021)  Russia's Amur Gas Chemical Complex (Amur GCC) has secured $9.1 billion in loans maturing in 2035, Sibur, which co-owns the plant with China's Sinopec, said in a statement on Wednesday. International banks will provide $2.6 billion for the Amur GCC with coverage from export credit agencies SACE of Italy and Germany's Euler Hermes, Sibur said, while Chinese and Russian banks will issue the remaining $6.5 billion.

https://www.reuters.com/business/energy/russias-amur-gas-chemical-complex-secure...


Facing debt repayment issues China shifts Africa financing focus from infrastructure to trade

(Global Trade Review, London, 15 December 2021) China’s commitments to financing in Africa are shifting away from giant infrastructure developments and towards developing stronger trade flows and commercial investments, analysts say. At the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (Focac) in late November, the country unveiled an action plan that included around US$40bn of commitments in the form of trade finance, commercial investments and a share of China’s Special Drawing Rights (SDR). Although a hefty headline figure, it is significantly less than the US$60bn promised at the two most recent forums in 2015 and 2018. It also includes little in the way of concessional loans, which has been China’s primary tool for financing a swathe of infrastructure across the continent, including railways, airports, roads and energy projects. GTR reported in September that European export credit agencies and commercial lenders have been approached by Chinese contractors working on projects in Africa who have been unable to secure financing from Chinese sources. The Atlantic Monthly calls this "China's real 'debt trap' threat, claiming it "is part of a deepening debt crisis affecting countries that have borrowed hundreds of billions of dollars from China for infrastructure development... It’s not just low-income countries that are hard-pressed to repay China. Middle-income nations also are seeking to renegotiate their Chinese debts as the pandemic-induced global economic slowdown nears the two-year mark. But Chinese lenders are digging in their heels as governments ask for relief, especially with countries that don’t receive media attention. And those countries are feeling the pain. For example, Suriname’s inability to access IMF funds means less money for social programs at a time when the pandemic has increased demand for health care and other programs focused on the poor.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/africa/china-shifts-africa-financing-focus-from-in...


Charting a new course: The future of UK exports and export finance

(Global Trade Review, London, 13 December 2021) [Barclays sponsored GTR article] Having been profoundly shaken by the combined impact of the pandemic and Brexit, UK exporters continue to face significant trade challenges. As companies rethink and recalibrate their export strategies and supply chains, there is an increased focus on ESG performance and an opportunity to build back not only better, but cleaner and greener. In mid-November, GTR and Barclays gathered top trade experts for a virtual roundtable discussion to address the crucial issues impacting the export and export finance market, the route to export recovery and growth in a more sustainable environment, and the role of the financial sector in keeping trade flowing.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/europe/charting-a-new-course-the-future-of-uk-expo...


Biden orders U.S. to stop financing new carbon-intense projects abroad

(Reuters, Washington, 10 December 2021) The Biden administration has ordered U.S. government agencies to immediately stop financing new carbon-intensive fossil fuel projects overseas and prioritize global collaborations to deploy clean energy technology, according to U.S. diplomatic cables seen by Reuters. However, "This policy is full of exemptions and loopholes that lack clarity, and could render these restrictions on fossil fuel financing completely meaningless," said Kate DeAngelis, a climate finance expert at Friends of the Earth. FOEUS notees that while the policy states that “infrastructure directly related to the production, transportation, or use of fossil fuels, including oil and natural gas, are considered ‘carbon-intensive international energy engagements,’” it then defines “carbon-intensive” using metrics (i.e., kWh) that appear to only apply to electrical generation (i.e., power plants), not production, transportation, or mid-stream like LNG.

https://www.reuters.com/business/energy/biden-orders-us-stop-financing-carbon-in...


EXIM supports Lithuania in political dispute with China

(Epoch Times, Washington, 22 December 2021) Lithuania's regional and economic stability is facing challenges from the Chinese regime for allowing self-ruled Taiwan, which Beijing claims as a runaway province, to open a de facto embassy in its capital Vilnius. In response, China recalled its ambassador in August before downgrading the diplomatic relations and expelled Lithuania’s top representative to China in November. Beijing has imposed a trade embargo over Lithuanian exports and imports, and has threatened multinationals to sever ties with Lithuania or face being shut out of the Chinese market. Chinese customs authorities have refused to import or clear goods from the Baltic nation. The US is supporting Lithuania in this dispute. [It is interesting to note that it was the right-wing Falun Gong owned Epoch Times which flagged the EXIM approval of a $600 million export credit agreement with Lithuania on Nov. 24, in a bid to boost economic cooperation between the two nations and withstand increased pressure from the Chinese regime.]

https://www.theepochtimes.com/us-expresses-ironclad-solidarity-with-lithuania-fa...


EKF issues ‘biggest ever’ loan for Turkey railway project

(Global Trade Review, London, 8 December 2021) Danish export credit agency EKF has signed its largest ever export loan for the construction of a high-speed railway project in Turkey. The agency is lending €576mn to the Turkish finance ministry for the project. The loan is classified as green because the electric railway is categorised as sustainable under the EU’s sustainable financing taxonomy. The total value of the financing is €1.1bn, which includes contributions from Swedish public finance and export credit bodies EKN and SEK. Standard Chartered and several other commercial lenders are also involved in the deal, but their exact roles have not yet been disclosed.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/europe/ekf-issues-biggest-ever-loan-for-turkey-rai...


General Electric : Another milestone for Dogger Bank Wind Farm as it reaches financial close for third phase

(Market Screener, Annecy, 2 December 2021) General Electric announced that the Dogger Bank Wind Farm, between 130km and 190km off the north-east coast of England in the North Sea, reached financial close on debt financing for phase C, the third 1.2 GW phase. Upon completion, Dogger Bank is expected to be the world's largest offshore wind farm with the total number of Haliade-X units to be installed at Dogger Bank reaching 277.  GE Energy Financial Services ("GE EFS") partnered with the co-sponsors to support insurance cover from Bpifrance, which insured a portion of the ECA debt financing. Separate debt facilities structured by the co-sponsors are supported by EKN, the Swedish export credit agency and Export Finance Norway (Eksfin), the Norwegian export credit agency. Dogger Bank C will connect to the grid at Lackenby England.

https://www.marketscreener.com/quote/stock/GENERAL-ELECTRIC-COMPANY-4823/news/Ge...


What's New November 2021

What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today!

Questions? Email info-at-eca-watch.org

See all "What's New!" updates since 2005 here.

  • U.S., U.K. lead pledge to end overseas oil and gas financing, but with big caveats
  • G20 ECAs and public finance institutions are still bankrolling fossil fuels
  • European export finance alliance pushes for green incentives [eventually!]
  • If global finance can step up to the net-zero challenge, governments surely can
  • Will the capital to invest in net-zero plans be available?
  • The push to net zero - Can project finance fuel investment in the Hydrogen market?
  • International Chamber of Commerce proposes new framework for sustainable trade finance
  • UAE’s ADNOC secures $3bn loan from JBIC and 4 other banks
  • Shipowners see growing benefits of Chinese leasing and trade finance
  • Russian ECA Helps Bangladesh enter nuclear power age
  • U.K. to Set 1 Trillion Pound Post-Brexit Export Target
  • US EXIM focus on Africa
  • British Airways secures another £1bn UKEF-backed facility
  • Norwegian ECA supports North Pole cruising in style
  • Lithuania to get U.S. EXIM trade support as it faces China fury over Taiwan
  • New OECD down payment requirements set to boost ECA support in emerging markets
  • Russians Discuss Increased Engagement With Africa

U.S., U.K. lead pledge to end overseas oil and gas financing, but with big caveats

(Politico, Glasgow, 4 November 2021) The United States, the U.K. and some 20 other countries and financial institutions pledged on Thursday to stop public financing for most overseas oil and gas projects by next year, though the agreement included wide latitude for participants to set their own exemptions and many of the world's leading backers of those projects declined to sign on. The pledge is limited to ending financing of "unabated" oil and gas projects, and would allow those that include carbon capture and sequestration technology. A senior Biden administration official told POLITICO the measure includes exemptions, and that the Biden administration had not settled on how it would instruct its finance aid organizations like the U.S. Export-Import Bank. How tight any carve-outs are for oil and gas is potentially significant for Ex-Im, which approved $5 billion in fossil fuel finance the last two years, environmental group Friends of the Earth said in a statement. "While this is welcome progress, countries, especially the U.S., must hold firm to these commitments, shutting off the spigot to fossil fuel companies like [Mexico's] Pemex and Exxon," said Kate DeAngelis, manager of Friends of the Earth's international finance program. She also called out "laggards like Japan and Korea" to join the new pledge.

https://www.politico.com/news/2021/11/04/us-uk-pledge-end-overseas-oil-gas-finan...


G20 ECAs and public finance institutions are still bankrolling fossil fuels

(Oil Change Int'l/FOEUSA, Washington, October 2021) This 36 page reprort documents how G20 countries and the multilateral development banks (MDBs) they govern in 2018-2020 provided at least US$63 billion per year in international public finance for oil, gas, and coal projects. This fossil fuel finance was 2.5 times more than their support for renewable energy, which averaged only US$26 billion per year. This continued support for fossil fuels from trade and development finance institutions counters G20 countries’ commitments under the Paris Agreement to align financial flows with a safe climate future as well as their 2009 commitment to phase out fossil fuel subsidies. It also undermines the effectiveness of climate finance, which is still not delivered at either the scale promised (US$100 billion per year from 2020) or needed. ECAs continue to be the largest supporter of international fossil fuel projects, providing billions annually in 2018-2020: ECAs provided an average of US$40.1 billion annually to fossil fuels — 82% of ECA support. This 36 page report shows that the science is clear — governments must rapidly wind down fossil fuel production and use to avoid the worst climate impacts, noting that the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report is a “code red for humanity.”

https://1bps6437gg8c169i0y1drtgz-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2021...


European export finance alliance pushes for green incentives [eventually!]

(Global Trade Review, London, 24 November 2021) Seven European countries have pledged to promote reforms and encourage green incentives in the export credit sector, but dashed campaigners’ hopes that they would axe public finance for fossil fuels more quickly than the end of 2022 deadline set at the Cop26 conference. The Export Finance for Future (E3F) coalition, initially comprising Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the UK, held its second virtual meeting today, hosted by the Dutch government. Belgium, Finland and Italy also joined the alliance today, Dutch state secretary for finance Hans Vijlbrief told the summit following the nations’ closed-door talks. A statement expected after the meeting had not been published as of press time, but a draft seen by GTR said the E3F countries would collaborate on strategies to meeting a pledge signed by each at the Cop26 climate change summit to end public finance support for fossil fuels by the end of 2022. The E3F members provided €20bn in export finance for fossil fuel projects overseas between 2018 and 2020, according to data cited by Oil Change International, a campaign group, and ODI, a think-tank. This compares to €17bn for clean energy projects over the same period. Vijlbrief indicated that attendees at the closed-door meeting endorsed support for natural gas beyond the end of the [Cop26] 2022 deadline. “We all know gas will play a role for a couple of years in our energy supply, that’s no secret,” he said. Peder Lundquist, chief executive of EKF, Denmark’s ECA, told the summit that “logically you need some kind of transition”, pointing to natural gas as a “stable” energy source for power grids in less-developed countries that would struggle to handle a rapid shift to renewables. Deputy assistant for export finance at France’s Treasury directorate, Paul Teboul, said his government does not plan to end support for upstream gas projects until 2035.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/sustainability/european-export-finance-alliance-pu...


If global finance can step up to the net-zero challenge, governments surely can

(Guardian, London, 13 November 2021) A new alliance of financial institutions is committed to funding the changes necessary to avert climate catastrophe. Alliance Chair Mark Carney notes that six years ago, in Paris, countries reached an historic agreement to limit the global temperature rise to less than 2C, targeting 1.5C. "In finance, we launched the task force on climate-related financial disclosures so that companies would disclose their climate-related risks, allowing finance to measure what matters." Despite these breakthroughs, in the years that followed, action didn’t match ambition. Few countries pursued the necessary policies, and business investment in decarbonisation was limited. Too many in finance thought that the climate crisis was someone else’s problem. People will no longer tolerate worthy statements followed by futile gestures. In April, we launched the Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero (GFANZ), which now covers the entire waterfront of finance: banks, insurers, pension funds, export credit agencies and asset managers. It comprises more than 450 leading financial institutions from 45 countries. Its members have committed to managing their assets, which total more than $130tn, in line with achieving 1.5C. The total cost of the global transition is estimated to be about $4tn every year for the next three decades, so there are now more than enough readily available resources to do the job. While this is a watershed achievement, some are understandably sceptical. After all, if governments didn’t follow through after Paris, why would finance after Glasgow? [For example, in another news item, the Bureau of Investigative Journalism has reported that HSBC, on behalf of a group of 12 banks on Prince Charles’s Financial Services Taskforce, coordinated efforts to try and water down GFANZ action on climate change. The Bureau details that HSBC lobbied Mark Carney’s Net Zero Banking Alliance to: remove the list of sectors that must be included in the first round of target-setting; set targets only for sectors where there are “credible transition pathways” to a net-zero future and delay until 2025 or 2030 the deadline for banks to set targets for some carbon-intensive sectors, instead of 18 months from signing the NZBA commitment.]

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/nov/13/global-finance-net-zero-ch...


Will the capital to invest in net-zero plans be available?

(Morningstar, Chicago, 9 November 2021) Capital critical to funding the greening of utilities and other industries makes the financial industry a key player in curbing global warming. At a global climate summit last week, big banks, institutional investors, insurance companies, and regulators announced that the amount of capital controlled by institutions [which claim to be] committed to net-zero initiatives now tops $130 trillion, up from $5 trillion in 2020, according to the Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero. That is about equal to the $100 trillion to $150 trillion amount required to transform the economy to a net-zero by 2050, the group claims. Banks, insurers, pension funds, asset managers, export-credit agencies, stock exchanges, credit rating agencies, index providers, and audit firms have committed to achieving net-zero emissions by 2050 at the latest and plan to report progress and financed emissions annually. For now, the impact on the finance industry itself isn’t clear. Lenders will still be looking for a good return and are already funding projects “that provide an appropriate return". [i.e. they have to make money if they're going to save the planet] How different portfolio companies will reduce emissions can be fraught, as they are struggling with their own net-zero plans. Dan Dorman of Calvert notes that while many of the largest banks had already committed to decarbonizing their portfolios, his conversations with executives suggest “they really don’t have details [yet] about how to land this plane.” There is also some debate about whether the group is double-counting the money that it claims is available.

https://www.morningstar.com/articles/1065669/what-banks-climate-pledges-mean-for...


The push to net zero - Can project finance fuel investment in the Hydrogen market?

(Lexology, London, 18 November 2021) Discussion of hydrogen fuel has become increasingly prevalent over the past few years. The increased push to reach net zero targets, as highlighted in the Government's newly published 'Net Zero Strategy: Build Back Greener', has brought hydrogen back into popular discussion. New technological innovations look to be making hydrogen energy cleaner, cheaper and more accessible for industry. This may be opening new doors for the element. How will this unprecedented scale of energy innovation investment be funded? Historically, groundbreaking energy technologies have relied upon significant government subsidies, supported by bankable project financing. Can hydrogen replicate the project finance model? If not, where will the money come from? The current funding for investments into hydrogen technologies is found largely in government or university research and development grants and corporate venture equity. There is very little hydrogen being funded through debt finance. Hydrogen, however, is an energy source that still requires significant investment; both in production (for example, developing effective and cost-viable carbon capture and storage facilities to accompany blue hydrogen production) and in delivery and use (for example, in getting gas infrastructure and networks, consumer products and energy storage ready to facilitate a hydrogen market).

https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=3223ce60-4ea7-4434-9937-664adb0e9...


International Chamber of Commerce proposes new framework for sustainable trade finance

(Reuters, London, 10 November 2021) The standard setter for global trade finance flows has proposed a new set of rules to define sustainability in the trade finance arena, worth some $5 trillion a year, an executive told Reuters. While governments and business sectors move quickly to set guidelines for some types of sustainable finance, there are no standards for trade finance. Those rules would apply to a third of global trade. Agreeing on a common rulebook could help direct more trade flows toward efforts that reduce climate-warming emissions and that also meet the United Nations' development goals, said Andrew Wilson, policy director at the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).

https://www.reuters.com/business/cop/icc-proposes-first-global-framework-financi...


UAE’s ADNOC secures $3bn loan from JBIC and 4 other banks

(Arab News, Jeddah, 18 November 2021) The Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) signed a $3 billion loan agreement with Japan's export credit agency and four other lenders, Reuters reported citing JBIC. The Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) is providing $2.1 billion and Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation (SMBC), the Tokyo branch of HSBC, Mizuho and MUFG are providing the rest, JBIC said in the statement. "This facility is intended to provide necessary support to ADNOC in ensuring stable imports of crude oil by Japanese companies," JBIC said.

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1970756/business-economy


Shipowners see growing benefits of Chinese leasing and trade finance

(Lloyd's List, London, 23 November 2021) The shipping industry is going to rely more on Chinese financing as those vessels that fall short of environmental standards become less attractive for traditional lenders, executives say. Shipowners say China is important for finance when it comes to renewing and expanding fleets, and would play an instrumental role for those vessels that will soon become unfinanceable by traditional banks.

https://lloydslist.maritimeintelligence.informa.com/LL1138949/Shipowners-see-gro...


Russian ECA Helps Bangladesh enter nuclear power age

(Eurasia Review, Albany, 13 November 2021) Bangladesh initiated its nuclear program in 2013 by signing a treaty with Russia that opened up a new avenue in their bilateral cooperation. At that time, the two countries signed a state export credit agreement to implement a nuclear project in Bangladesh. The work on the Rooppur plant started with the direct financial and technical cooperation of Russia. There are garment factories in Bangladesh which are producing in huge quantities. So, Bangladesh needs electricity. In 2009 the power generation was 3200 MW; now it has exceeded 20,000 MW. Two 1200-MW capacity reactors are being set up at Rooppur. Once the first nuclear power plant in Bangladesh begins production, it will kick-start another developmental revolution in the country.

https://www.eurasiareview.com/13112021-with-russian-help-bangladesh-set-to-enter...


U.K. to Set 1 Trillion Pound Post-Brexit Export Target

(Bloomberg, London, 14 November 2021) The U.K. will announce a new export target this week of 1 trillion pounds ($1.3 trillion) per year by 2030 as part of Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s move to overhaul its export strategy to show the benefits of leaving the European Union. A new “made in U.K., sold to the world” campaign will also be launched, as well as initiatives to boost overseas trade by providing export-linked loans and access to expertise and advice, the newspaper said. U.K. Export Finance, the government’s export credit agency, will be allowed to back larger loans for foreign or domestic companies that want to start shipping from the U.K., the Financial Times said, in a bid to attract foreign investment to the country. Previous Conservative governments in the U.K. failed to achieve the same export target by 2020, and the country only increased overseas sales to 689 billion pounds by 2019 before the pandemic hit.

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-11-14/u-k-to-set-1-trillion-pound-p...


US EXIM focus on Africa

(JD Supra, Sausalito, 15 November 2021) Africa is a priority for Biden administration agencies the International Development Finance Corporation and EXIM. As of the end of 2020, DFC had invested approximately US$8 billion (approximately 25 percent of its total portfolio) across more than 300 projects on the continent. During 2009 – 2019, EXIM supported US$12.4 billion of transactions to sub-Saharan Africa,11 and the region is home to EXIM's largest commitment to date. Moreover, EXIM is a long-time player in Africa, with experience dating back to the 1940s. The agency is currently open for business in 44 of the 49 countries across sub-Saharan Africa. In March 2020, it approved a US$91.5 million transaction for electrification in Senegal.12 Two months later, the agency approved its largest transaction to date: a US$4.7 billion credit (direct loan) supporting exports of US goods and services with more than 60 US suppliers to assist the development and construction of an integrated liquefied natural gas project on the Afungi Peninsula in northern Mozambique.13 EXIM made its commitment alongside those from almost 20 other ECAs and DFIs, which offered an aggregate of US$16 billion in loans.

https://www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/us-government-agencies-focus-on-africa-1823459


British Airways secures another £1bn UKEF-backed facility

(CH-Aviation, Stansstad, 2 November 2021) British Airways has reached an agreement with UK Export Finance (UKEF) and a syndicate of banks for a five-year Export Development Guarantee committed Credit Facility (UKEF Facility) of GBP1.0 billion pounds (USD1.37 billion). According to parent firm IAG International Airlines Group, this is in addition to a GBP2.0 billion (USD2.74 billion) UKEF guaranteed facility that was announced in December 2020 and drawn in March 2021. IAG, which aside from British Airways also owns Iberia, Vueling Airlines, Aer Lingus, and LEVEL, said that as of the end of September, its total cash pile stood at a "strong" EUR10.6 billion euro (USD12.26 billion).

https://www.ch-aviation.com/portal/news/109226-british-airways-secures-another-1...


Norwegian ECA supports North Pole cruising in style

(AME Info, Dubai, 7 November 2021) A Swedish aviation company, OceanSky Cruises, announced that it will start cruises to the North Pole aboard luxury airships starting from 2024. The aviation industry made up 2.5% of the total CO2 emissions in 2018 alone, or double the amounts since the mid-1980s. Now, a Swedish aviation company, OceanSky Cruises, announced it will start cruises to the North Pole aboard luxury airships starting from 2024. Norwegian export credit agency Eksfin is playing a major role in accelerating the ‘green shift’ at sea, providing loan guarantees approaching €1 billion ($1.16 bn) for the construction of 35 eco-friendly vessels over the last four years, including ‘Le Commandant Charcot’.

https://www.ameinfo.com/tech-and-mobility/cruise-the-north-pole-in-style-by-air-...


Lithuania to get U.S. EXIM trade support as it faces China fury over Taiwan

(Reuters, Vilnius, 19 November 2021) Lithuania will sign a $600 million export credit agreement with the U.S. Export-Import Bank next week, Economy Minister Ausrine Armonaite told Reuters, days after China warned it would "take all necessary measures" after Lithuania allowed Taiwan to open a de facto embassy. China demanded in August that the Baltic state withdraw its ambassador to Beijing and said it would recall China's envoy in Vilnius after Taiwan announced its office would be called the Taiwanese Representative Office in Lithuania.

https://www.reuters.com/business/lithuania-get-us-trade-support-it-faces-china-f...


New OECD down payment requirements set to boost ECA support in emerging markets

(Global Trade Review, London, 10 November 2021) The OECD has relaxed down payment rules for transactions involving export credit agencies (ECAs) in emerging markets, in the wake of what it calls a “market failure” in the private sector. Under the new rules, the OECD Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits has slashed the down payment requirement from 15% to 5% for sovereign borrowers in developing markets, so long as the transaction is guaranteed by a ministry of finance or central bank. The policy, which comes into immediate effect, thereby also increases the maximum amount participating ECAs can officially support from 85% to 95% of the total export contract value.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/global/new-oecd-down-payment-requirements-set-to-b...


Russians Discuss Increased Engagement With Africa

(Eurasia Review, Albany, 10 November 2021) Russia’s weak economic presence in Africa has become a thing of concern for some experts in the country and they wonder why the nation is not aggressive with this like its ally, China. Smaller countries such as Turkey is visibly broadening its economic influence and so are a number of Gulf States. In July 2021, participants at the Association of Economic Cooperation with African States (AECAS), established under the aegis of the Secretariat of the Russia-Africa Partnership Forum (RAPF), agreed that lack of financial support was the major reason for this. The forum, which had in attendance some leading Russian companies and banks, discussed an effective system of financing projects and supporting investment in Africa. Nikita Gusakov, Head of the Russian Export Credit and Investment Insurance Agency (EXIAR), reiterated that Africa was a priority for the agency, outlining a number of deals that EXIAR has been involved in on the continent.

https://www.eurasiareview.com/10112021-russians-discuss-increased-engagement-wit...


What's New October 2021

What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today!

Questions? Email info-at-eca-watch.org

See all "What's New!" updates since 2005 here.

  • New OECD coal financing restrictions represent weak progress
  • ECAs provide billions to fossil fuel projects yearly - Join us at COP26
  • European Commission opens consultation on extending temporary State export credit aid
  • SACE Could Support Novatek's Giant Arctic LNG 2 Project
  • NGOs release the 2021 Global Coal Exit List: 1000 companies driving the world towards climate chaos
  • Ukraine in talks with Britain on supply of missiles
  • Export credit agencies have stepped up during the pandemic
  • Canada won’t stop Crown corporations from investing in fossil fuels any time soon
  • Export Finance Australia offers A$2bn (US$1.5 B) in critical mineral loans
  • UKEF £1.5bn earmarked for Nigeria ‘largely untouched’
  • ECAs of UAE and France sign strategic reinsurance agreement
  • Will a Taliban victory advance TAPI pipeline with ECA support?
  • JBIC and Private Banks Must Reconsider Decision to Finance LNG Canada Project

New OECD coal financing restrictions represent weak progress

(Oil Change International, Washington, 22 October 2021) Today the OECD Export Credit Group announced new restrictions on its support for overseas coal projects. These restrictions build on the Coal-Fired Electricity Generation Sector Understanding that was negotiated in 2015 and went into effect 1 January 2017. That agreement prevented OECD-member export credit agencies (ECAs) from supporting coal-fired power plants that were less efficient unless they were in developing countries. Unfortunately, there were loopholes that allowed for continued support even for coal plants that did not meet these restrictions. Today’s restrictions would end ECA support for coal plants that do not have carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) equipment in place. Still some export of equipment for retrofitting plants with CCUS or reducing emissions will be allowed if lifetime and capacity of coal plants is not extended. The restrictions do not address export finance for coal mines and related infrastructure, nor oil and gas financing even if the latest IEA report shows that investments in new fossil fuel production need to end this year to limit warming to 1.5°C.

http://priceofoil.org/2021/10/22/new-oecd-coal-financing-restrictions-represent-...


ECAs provide billions to fossil fuel projects yearly - Join us at COP26

(ECA Watch, 27 October 2021) We can’t solve the climate crisis if export credit agencies (ECAs) continue to bankroll fossil fuels. Tell the governments behind these agencies to immediately end all export credit and other public financial support for oil, gas and coal.
Join our side event at COP26 November 4, 2021 in Glasglow
At COP26 on November 4, 2021, 16.45-18.00 Glasgow time representatives from NGOs and Zurich-based universities will host a digital side event on aligning export finance with the Paris Agreement. Contrary to Article 2.1c of the Paris Agreement, many countries heavily support fossil fuel investments abroad, contributing to carbon lock-in. By highlighting the impacts caused by export finance in the Global South, this side event will provide concrete recommendations for decarbonizing export finance. The speakers on the panel are Axel Michaelowa (University of Zurich); Kate DeAngelis (Friends of the Earth US); Bjarne Steffen (ETH Zurich); Laila Darouich (Perspectives Climate Research); Ayumi Fukakusa (Friends of the Earth Japan); Richard Matey (Alliance for Empowering Rural Communities, Ghana) ; Julio Bichehe (Farmers Union Cabo Delgado Mozambique); and Mariane Søndergaard-Jensen (Danish ECA, EKF, Denmark).
To attend the side event digitally, please register using the form. We’ll keep you updated on when and where the event will take place.
Important: you will need to be registered at COP26 to be able to join the event.

https://www.fossilfreeecas.org/


European Commission opens consultation on extending temporary State export credit aid

(Lexology, London, 4 October 2021) The European Commission launched a consultation process on 30 September 2021, sending a proposal to Member States on a sixth draft amendment to the Temporary Framework on State aid measures to support member economies in the current COVID-19 outbreak. The Temporary Framework sets out various categories of aid [subsidies?] that can be implemented by Member States, one of which is more flexible rules on short-term export credit (which are not covered by the OECD Arrangement), permitting state aid via export credit insurance to riskier countries, allowing generous financial terms beyond fair market competition. The Commission proposes to extend until 30 June 2022 the temporary removal of all countries from the list of “marketable risk countries” under Annex 1 of the Communication on short-term export credit insurance. Marketable risk countries are those which may have risks due to exchange rate volatility, foreign exchange control regulations, lack of foreign exchange for repayment, etc.

https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=336f1b43-f7e8-4b88-96f5-03ca41990...


SACE Could Support Novatek's Giant Arctic LNG 2 Project

(Offshore Enginer, New York, 22 October 2021)Italy's biggest banking group Intesa Sanpaolo could help fund Novatek's Arctic LNG 2 project even as some European governments show lukewarm support for the giant Russian gas project. Antonio Fallico, chairman of group unit Banca Intesa Russia, told Reuters the bank had been invited to look at the financing deal by SACE, the state-owned Italian export credit agency. Novatek said in September they had credit lines open for a third of the total financing from Russian banks, adding Chinese and Japanese banks could provide the rest. The pressure on institutional investors from climate lobby groups to stop funding fossil fuel companies has intensified markedly in recent years. The $21 billion project, which received final investment approval in 2019, is expected to reach full capacity of almost 20 million tonnes of LNG per year in 2026.

https://www.oedigital.com/news/491523-italian-bank-could-fund-novatek-s-giant-ar...


NGOs release the 2021 Global Coal Exit List: 1000 companies driving the world towards climate chaos

(Urgewald, Berlin, 6 October 2021) Three weeks before the start of the UN Climate Summit in Glasgow, Urgewald and 40 partner NGOs have released the 2021 update of the “Global Coal Exit List” (GCEL). The GCEL provides detailed data on 1,030 companies and around 1,800 subsidiaries operating along the thermal coal value chain. It is the world’s most comprehensive public database on the coal industry.

https://urgewald.org/en/medien/ngos-release-2021-global-coal-exit-list-1000-comp...


Ukraine in talks with Britain on supply of missiles

(Goa Spotlight, London, 21 October 2021) The UK is negotiating with Ukraine on the sale of the first ever consignment of weapons, in particular missiles, the Times newspaper writes with reference to a Ukrainian source. As part of the discussed agreements, London may supply Kiev with ground-to-ground missiles and aircraft missiles. The UK Ministry of Defense, according to the newspaper, is also discussing the sale of Brimstone missiles to Kiev, developed by the MDBA consortium, for installation on the ships of the Ukrainian Navy. In addition, the parties are considering the possibility of supplying air-launched Brimstone missiles, their cost is about $ 138,000. According to some reports, according to the Times, negotiations on the supply of weapons to Ukraine may also be linked to the construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline. The talks are prompted by the strengthening of relations between Kiev and London after the UK left the European Union. In October last year, Ukrainian leader Volodymyr Zelenskyy signed a contract with the UK Export Credit Agency, which deals with the supply of modern military equipment and the latest high-precision weapons to Kiev, types of military products in Ukraine, as well as the construction of bases for the Ukrainian Navy.

https://thegoaspotlight.com/2021/10/21/times-ukraine-is-in-talks-with-britain-on...


Export credit agencies have stepped up during the pandemic

(Financial Times Trade Secrets, Budapest, 26 October 2021) The industry has helped backstop sectors such as airlines hit hard by Covid, saving companies and jobs. An interview with the head of the Berne Union, an association of export credit agencies, to find out how it is helping exporters arm themselves against the downsides of the pandemic through export credit and insurance. The Berne Union operates all over the world allowing countries such as the US and China or Iran and Israel to discuss trade issues freely at Berne Union conferences, with political considerations mostly taking a back seat. It was that environment of co-operation that helped ensure exporters did not go out of business permanently when coronavirus effectively shut down cross-border movement during the spring of 2020. Over the course of the pandemic, members of the Berne Union provided $2.5tn in cover, its president Michal Ron told Trade Secrets. All in all, the volume of business supported by members rose 2.4 per cent between 2019 and 2020. “We have ECAs that are government agencies directly under a ministry,” she said. “Others are joint stock companies with a government-based shareholder. Some simply use direct government funding — it depends.

https://www.ft.com/content/113e8e3e-8984-45d2-92b8-c97b3c829ab8


Canada won’t stop Crown corporations from investing in fossil fuels any time soon

(Peterborough Examiner, 18 October 2021) The federal government has no plans to immediately stop Crown corporations from financing fossil fuel companies, but it’s not ruling out pushing them to reduce those supports more quickly, says Canada’s environment minister. The issue of public financing for oil and gas companies is expected to be on the agenda at the next major world summit on climate change this month, where countries that signed the 2016 Paris Agreement — including Canada — are under pressure to increase efforts to reduce their annual greenhouse gas emissions. A major report from leading scientists this summer prompted the United Nations’ secretary general to herald the “death knell” for fossil fuels that have driven emissions for decades. In an interview Friday, federal Environment Minister Jonathan Wilkinson told the Star that Crown institutions like Export Development Canada (EDC) are already committed to “net-zero” emissions — when nature or technology can remove remaining greenhouse gas pollution from the air — by 2050. Big money is in play here. EDC, the government’s export credit agency, says it provided financing and insurance that helped facilitate $62 billion in business for Canadian oil and gas companies from 2015 to 2020. And the board that invests the Canada Pension Plan’s $500-billion pool of money says it had about $17.6 billion invested with fossil fuel producers around the world as of March 2021.

https://www.thepeterboroughexaminer.com/ts/politics/federal/2021/10/18/canada-wo...


Export Finance Australia offers A$2bn (US$1.5 B) in critical mineral loans

(Global Trade Review, London, 6 October 2021) The Australian government has created a A$2bn (US$1.5bn) loan facility to spur investment in the country’s critical minerals sector, as it attempts to position Australia at the source of supply chains for technologies such as battery storage and electric vehicles. The facility will be provided through the National Interest Account (NIA) of Export Finance Australia (EFA), the country’s export credit agency. The NIA handles transactions that the government directs EFA to support. Minerals such as lithium, cobalt, titanium and rare earth elements are categorised as critical minerals because they are relatively scarce or geographically concentrated, difficult to substitute and are used in emerging technologies including large batteries. China is currently the biggest exporter of many of the minerals, with Australia another top supplier.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/asia/australian-government-offers-a2bn-in-critical...


UKEF £1.5bn earmarked for Nigeria ‘largely untouched’

(PUNCH Nigeria, Lagos, 24 October 2021) The £1.5bn financing set aside for Nigeria by the UK Export Finance, the United Kingdom government’s export credit agency, has remained largely untouched, the UK Government Department for International Trade, Nigeria has said at the 2021 Energy Sustainability Conference organised by the Energy Institute Nigeria in Lagos. “UKEF is focussed on 30 countries in Africa with a combined market risk appetite of £58bn." According to Chimwemwe Chalemera, Country Director, UK Government Department for International Trade, Nigeria, the UK’s renewable energy capabilities are a right match with the energy needs of Africa and Nigeria in achieving net zero ambitions. Meanwhile over 50 Nigerian civil society groups have written to President Buhari calling for oil in the massive OPL 245 field to be kept in the ground. This is the field that Shell and Eni acquired after allegedly paying $1.1 billion in bribes. The companies' subsidiaries are currently being prosecuted in Nigeria and there is still an investigation in The Netherlands.

https://punchng.com/1-5bn-earmarked-for-nigeria-largely-untouched-says-uk/


ECAs of UAE and France sign strategic reinsurance agreement

(Insurance News Net, Dubai, 5 October 2021) Etihad Credit Insurance (ECI), the UAE Federal export credit company and the French Export Credit Agency Bpifrance Assurance Export have signed a reinsurance agreement to increase joint Emirati and French projects globally. The agreement will further strengthen the robust trade and economic cooperation between the UAE and France and boost exports in both countries by providing export insurance solutions for Emirati and French companies. The UAE is France’s second-largest trade partner in the region. As part of boosting investment and trade ties, ECI earlier signed agreements with its counterparts in  the UK and Italy. The agreement with France has been deemed another milestone in ECI's mission to deepen the UAE's economic ties and non-oil trade.Saudi Arabia and Sweden have also discussed enhancing economic cooperation including via their ECAs.

https://insurancenewsnet.com/oarticle/export-credit-agencies-of-uae-and-france-s...


Will a Taliban victory advance TAPI pipeline with ECA support?

(Natural Gas World, Vancouver, 19 October 2021) The Taliban’s ascent is driving renewed discussion about the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline. Taliban spokesman Suhail Shaheen said on August 18 that TAPI is a “long-term priority project” that the Taliban fully supports. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, energy companies have pondered routes to send natural gas from gas-abundant yet land-locked Turkmenistan to energy-poor Pakistan and onward to India. The Berdimuhamedov government of Turkmenistan and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) have made this pipeline a priority for years, but it has long been on life support, with the project’s press releases failing to obscure its grim deficits. the project is strapped for cash. The ADB has indicated it will contribute $1 billion in loans. The Turkmen government, grappling with a massive economic crisis, has risibly pledged $1.675 billion. The remainder is envisioned to come from export credit agencies and commercial lenders, all lending individually to the four governments and relying on sovereign guarantees from each country. What is an Afghan sovereign guarantee worth?

https://www.naturalgasworld.com/will-a-taliban-victory-advance-tapi-93055


JBIC and Private Banks Must Reconsider Decision to Finance LNG Canada Project

(Friends of the Earth Japan, Tokyo, 29 October 2021) The Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), a public financial institution fully owned by the Government of Japan, announced in a press release today that it has decided to provide up to US $850 million for the LNG Canada Project. The LNG Canada project plans to liquefy shale gas extracted from Montney, British Columbia and transported through its 670 km Coastal Gaslink pipeline to Kitimat for export to Asian markets.The decision by JBIC ahead of the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) starting from the end of this week in Glasgow, England, goes against the call by the UK government to stop public financing for fossil fuels, and shows that Japan's approach to climate change is still far from that of the rest of the world. It is inevitable that Japan will once again become the target of criticism from the international community. Serious violations of indigenous peoples rights have been pointed out in an associated project of the LNG Canada project. We strongly condemn JBIC's decision to provide financing, disregarding the impact on climate change and the human rights of Indigenous Peoples, and call on involved operators and financial institutions to immediately withdraw from the project.

https://www.foejapan.org/en/aid/jbic02/lngcanada/211029.html


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