Welcome to ECA Watch

Export credit agences provide government-backed loans, guarantees and insurance to corporations working internationally in some of the most volatile, controversial and damaging industries on the planet.

Shrouded in mystery, ECAs provide financial backing for risky projects that might never otherwise get off the ground. They are a major source of national debt in developing countries.

ECA Watch is a network of NGOs from around the world. We come together to campaign for ECA reform - better transparency, accountability, and respect for environmental standards and human rights.

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What's New for November 2022

What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today!

Questions? Email info-at-eca-watch.org

See all "What's New!" updates since 2005 here.

  • ECAs are the worst public finance supporters of fossil fuels over clean energy
  • European countries back weakened ECA fossil fuel financing pledge
  • Canada 2nd in the G20 for fossil fuel subsidies
  • CSOs demand reduced OECD ECA support for oil and gas
  • US Exim lags on climate despite Biden’s pledges
  • There’s no time to waste — public capital is a key conduit to a just transition
  • Gas is a false route to Australian energy security
  • Heads of G7 ECAs meet in Toronto
  • Korea to become ECA driven battery powerhouse by 2030
  • UKEF to offer ECA support for most vulnerable climate change countries
  • Berne Union AGM examines access to ECA support in African free trade
  • US Exim Bank offers finance for Romanian nuclear plants
  • Kuwait to draw on $9.2 bln from ECAs on oil projects till 2025
  • UAE ECA Etihad extends guarantees worth $4.5bn in first 9 months of 2022

ECAs are the worst public finance supporters of fossil fuels over clean energy

(Oil Change International, Washington, 1 November 2022) OCI's new report “At a Crossroads: Assessing G20 and MDB international energy finance ahead of stop funding fossils pledge deadline” looks at G20 country and MDB traceable international public finance for fossil fuels from 2019-2021 and finds they are still backing at least USD 55 billion per year in oil, gas, and coal projects. This is a 35% drop compared to previous years (2016-2018), but still, almost twice the support provided for clean energy, which averaged only $29 billion per year. ECAs were the worst public finance actors, providing seven times more support for fossil fuels than clean energy – at least $34 billion per year for fossil fuels and just $4.7 billion for clean energy. The report analyzes finance from OCI’s open-access database, and Public Finance for Energy's Database (energyfinance.org), which have been updated alongside the release of this report. It tracks financial flows to fossil fuels and clean energy from G20 bilateral development finance institutions (DFIs), export finance agencies (ECAs), and the multilateral development banks (MDBs). The report from OCI and Friends of the Earth US has been endorsed by a long list of international civil society organizations.

http://priceofoil.org/g20-at-a-crossroads


European countries back weakened ECA fossil fuel financing pledge

(Financial Management Magazine, Durham, 4 November 2022) As noted in our October What's New, ten European countries had agreed to spell out this year how they will limit export finance support for overseas fossil fuel projects. But they shelved a draft pledge to explicitly end it after pushback from Italy. The final statement was weaker than a previous draft seen by Reuters. At the UN COP26 climate summit in November 2021, 39 countries and financial institutions, including the Netherlands, signed the Glasgow Statement on International Public Support for the Clean Energy Transition, committing signatories to end their direct international public financing for fossil fuels by the end of 2022, except in exceptional circumstances, and fully prioritize their public finance for clean energy transition. If all signatories followed through on their pledges with integrity, this could directly shift US$28 billion a year from fossil fuels to clean energy and help shift even larger sums of public and private money away from investments in climate-harming fossil fuels. International and Dutch NGOs now argue that the new policy published by the Dutch Government on restricting finance for fossil fuels has such significant loopholes, that it essentially means the Netherlands has reneged on its promise. The Dutch government said it intends to stop giving companies and banks credit insurance for exports in the fossil fuel sector as of Jan. 1, following through on a pledge made at the COP-26 climate conference in Glasgow. When the pledge was announced in 2021, the Cabinet said it did so knowing it would put Dutch exporters at a competitive disadvantage to exporters in countries that do still offer such insurance and the Finance Ministry said the Netherlands might reconsider the policy if other countries fail to adhere to their COP-26 pledges. According to Statistics Netherlands (CBS), petroleum and petroleum products made up 9.3% of Dutch exports in 2021, with a trade value of 54.7 billion euros. Around 20 countries including Germany, the United States, Britain and Canada made similar commitments, but only a few including France have so far implemented them into policy. On the other hand, Australia chose not to sign the Glasgow Statement at a public event held at Cop27 in Sharm el-Sheikh.

https://www.fm-magazine.com/news/2022/nov/european-countries-back-weakened-fossi...


Canada 2nd in the G20 for fossil fuel subsidies

(The Saxon, Salisbury, ? November 2022) Canada continues to heavily subsidize fossil fuels despite its international commitments, according to a report by Oil Change International. The nonprofit estimates that Canada has, on average, given up to US$8.5 billion annually to projects related to this type of energy between 2019 and 2021. Among G20 countries, Canada is the second most publicly funded fossil fuel project. Only Japan spends more, with an annual average of US$10.6 billion. South Korea and China complete the front runners with US$7.3 billion and US$6.7 billion respectively in subsidies to the fossil fuel sector. France, Brazil and Germany lead the G20 in green energy subsidies, with US$2.8 billion, US$2.5 billion and US$2.2 billion, respectively. Canada, meanwhile, spends about US$800 million.

https://thesaxon.org/canada-would-be-2nd-in-the-g20-for-fossil-fuel-subsidies/


CSOs demand reduced OECD ECA support for oil and gas

(Price of Oil, Washington, November 2022) This document signed by 54 international civil society organizations outlines how the OECD Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits can align with the Paris Agreement warming target of 1.5°C by placing restrictions on export support for oil and gas projects and associated infrastructure. These restrictions build on the existing prohibition on coal-fired power, which came into effect 1 January 2022 and was preceded by the coal-fired power sector understanding (CFSU).

http://priceofoil.org/content/uploads/2022/11/CSO-Joint-Position-on-OECD-oil-and...


US Exim lags on climate despite Biden’s pledges

(Global Trade Review, London, 2 November 2022) The US Export-Import Bank (US Exim) has become the latest export finance institution to be labelled as unaligned with the Paris Agreement on combatting climate change, despite overall emissions from the projects it backs falling in recent years. US Exim is trailing many of its peers in other developed nations because of its large exposures to the fossil fuel and aviation sectors, has no target to reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions and is not transparent enough on how it is carrying out US government guidance on phasing out support for fossil fuels, according to a report by German think tank Perspectives Climate Group.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/global/us-exim-lags-on-climate-despite-bidens-pled...


There’s no time to waste — public capital is a key conduit to a just transition

(Atlantic Council, Washington, 8 November 2022) It is abundantly clear that achieving net-zero carbon emissions by mid-century is necessary to avoid the worst climate outcomes. However, the path to decarbonizing the energy sector is not “one-size-fits-all” between developed and developing markets.Looking at the future energy mix globally, new renewables capacity will dominate with developing countries representing more than half of new capacity investment, driven primarily by China and India. Public capital plays an essential role in accelerating energy infrastructure projects in both developed and developing markets. Governmental organizations such as export credit agencies (ECAs) and development finance institutions (DFIs) provide essential liquidity tools, risk management expertise, and credit support that enables meaningful private sector investment.

https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/energysource/with-cop27-underway-theres-no...


Gas is a false route to Australian energy security

(Yahoo News, Sydney, 1 November 2022) Australia is being urged to change course and end taxpayer-funded investment in fossil fuel projects. Ahead of climate talks in Cairo, campaigners are calling for the Albanese government to join a group of countries that last year pledged to end international public financing of coal, oil and gas development. Australia is one of the largest recipients of international public investment in fossil fuels, according to a report by Oil Change International and Friends of the Earth US. Public finance from Australia's export credit agency was also heavily in favour of fossil fuels, the report found. Australia is also building what could be the world's dirtiest offshore LNG project, the Barossa project, with the help of overseas public finance from South Korea and Japan

https://au.news.yahoo.com/gas-false-route-energy-security-060001189.html


Heads of G7 ECAs meet in Toronto

(UK Government, Toronto, 3 November 2022) The leaders of the official export credit agencies from the G7 nations – Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom and the United States of America – were hosted by Export Development Canada in Toronto, Canada to discuss a number of pressing geopolitical, economic and sustainability matters impacting exporters and global trade flows. Discussions examined how the G7 ECA Heads are moving their organizations forward on digitalization, climate change, inclusive trade, and how ECAs can serve as strategic accelerators for the growth of small- and medium-sized exporters. The G7 ECA Heads focused on the impacts of the Russia/Ukraine war on global supply chains, energy security, and how ECAs can support their exporters through turbulent times and how they can work together to support Ukraine as it rebuilds. The G7 ECA Heads are unified in their strong desire to heighten their relevance to their nations’ exporters and explored ways to accelerate collective efforts to modernize the OECD Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits. Acknowledging the themes expressed in the recent G7 Political Leaders’ Communique, the ECA Heads recognized the need for bold contributions to climate action and discussed alignment of shared climate policy obligations and ongoing efforts to support companies through the global energy transition. The next annual meeting of the ECA Heads will be held in Italy in 2023.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/heads-of-g7-export-credit-agencies-meeting-co...


Korea to become ECA driven battery powerhouse by 2030

(Korea Times, Seoul, 29 November 2022) The government is aiming to make Korea-produced batteries account for at least 40 percent of global market share by 2030, as assisted by the establishment of an intergovernmental alliance to secure key battery materials, fostering a sustainable industrial ecosystem and expansion of tax credits, the trade ministry said Tuesday. The government will form and strengthen alliances with resource-rich countries, including Australia, Canada and Chile. Materials secured from the three countries will be refined there, or in nearby countries with which the U.S. has a free trade agreement. Up to 3 trillion Won in loans and guarantees will be provided over the next five years for industry players investing in refining and smelting projects, as mediated and overseen by Korea Trade Insurance Corp., an export credit agency and Export-Import Bank of Korea (Eximbank), a state-run lender.

https://koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2022/11/419_338997.html


UKEF to offer ECA support for most vulnerable climate change countries

(Reuters, London, 8 November 2022) Britain plans to offer new loans to support countries most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, including the option to defer debt repayments in the event of catastrophes, the finance ministry said on Tuesday. The country's export credit agency, UK Export Finance (UKEF), will provide such loans to low-income countries and small island developing states. Details of the plans will be given at the COP27 climate summit in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. The proposals would allow vulnerable countries to defer debt repayments to free up resources to fund disaster relief, the ministry said. Reuters has noted that promises by companies, banks and cities to achieve net-zero emissions often amount to little more than greenwashing according to the UN as it set out proposed new standards to harden net-zero claims. With the world in the midst of the first global energy crisis – triggered by Russia's invasion of Ukraine – the IEA's World Energy Outlook 2022 (WEO) provides indispensable analysis and insights on the implications of this profound and ongoing shock across the globe.

https://www.reuters.com/business/cop/uk-offer-loans-countries-most-vulnerable-cl...


Berne Union AGM examines access to ECA support in African free trade

(Kigali Today Press, Kigali, 9 November 2022) At the 2022 Annual Meeting of the Berne Union in Rwanda, the African continent looked to recover from the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine conflict. Removing barriers that affect cross-border trade and ensuring access to export credit facilities will be key in driving growth and the realisation of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).

https://www.ktpress.rw/2022/11/berne-union-agm-access-to-export-credit-removing-...


US Exim Bank offers finance for Romanian nuclear plants

(World Nuclear News, London, 9 November 2022) The Export-Import Bank (Exim) - the USA's official export credit agency - has issued two Letters of Interest for the financing of US-sourced pre-project technical services at the Cernavoda 3 and 4 nuclear power project in Romania. According to Romanian utility Nuclearelectrica, based on the preliminary information submitted, Exim would be able to consider financing up to USD50 million of the US export contract for pre-project engineering services as part of the engineering multiplier programme and up to USD3 billion of the US export contract for engineering and project management services for the completion of the partially-built Cernavoda units 3 and 4.

https://www.world-nuclear-news.org/Articles/US-Exim-Bank-offers-finance-for-Cern...


Kuwait to draw on $9.2 bln from ECAs on oil projects till 2025

(Zawya, Dubai, 7 November 2022) Kuwait is planning to spend 13.3 billion Kuwaiti dinars ($44 billion) on oil production, exploration and other projects until 2025, a newspaper in the OPEC producer reported on Monday. The investments are part of a 5-year plan approved in 2021 and envisages total spending of 20.2 billion dinars ($66.6 billion) and borrowing 6 billion dinars ($19.8 billion) by the Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC), which manages the emirate’s hydrocarbon sector, The spending plan takes into account “changes in the global oil and financial markets” the paper said, adding that capital spending accounts for nearly 65 percent of the total expenditure during the plan. Borrowings include nearly 29 percent in bank loans and 21% from export credit agencies in addition to 50 percent through short, medium and long terms bonds, the report noted.

https://www.zawya.com/en/projects/oil-and-gas/kuwait-to-spend-44bln-on-oil-proje...


UAE ECA Etihad extends guarantees worth $4.5bn in first 9 months of 2022

(National News, Abu Dhabi, 14 November 2022) Etihad Credit Insurance, the UAE's export credit agency, issued 7,936 revolving credit guarantees worth Dh16.6 billion ($4.5bn) in the first nine months of the year to help boost the country’s non-oil foreign trade. ECI-issued credit guarantees from January until September helped facilitate non-oil trade for businesses located in the UAE that have exported to 111 countries, ECI said in a statement on Monday. These state-backed guarantees helped to preserve and create 50,000 jobs by supporting companies, 72% of which were small and medium enterprises, ECI said.

https://www.thenationalnews.com/business/economy/2022/11/14/etihad-credit-insura...


What's New October 2022

"What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today! Questions?

Email info-at-eca-watch.org

See all "What's New!" updates since 2005 here.

  • Finland joins growing list of countries restricting international oil and gas finance
  • Friends of the Earth US asks Biden to RELEASE THE GUIDANCE
  • Italy pushes to weaken European fossil fuel financing pledge
  • German ECA supported defence system for Egypt diverted to Ukraine
  • Korean Eximbank holds OECD Environmental and Social Practitioners' Meeting
  • South Korean ECAs challenged during National Assembly session about Barossa Project
  • Trade unions call for a just net-zero aviation transition including ECA support for aviation finance
  • Cesce and Alstom sign a strategic agreement to promote green exports
  • Loss of ECA finance harms lower impact deep water oil and gas says offshore chief
  • Export finance in a post-pandemic world
  • Russia may start providing ECA finance to importers of its grain
  • Ukraine calls on banks to support exports through new ECA mechanisms
  • Brazilian ECA to fund Embraer aircraft exports to SkyWest
  • Saudi Electricity Company lands Swedish ECA backed finance for Egypt electricity interconnection

Finland joins growing list of countries restricting international oil & gas finance

(Oil Change International, Washington, 12 October 2022) Finland has joined a growing list of countries making good on a key pledge from the UN COP26 climate summit in Glasgow last year, by releasing a new policy ending almost all support for fossil fuels via Finnvera, the Finnish Government’s export credit agency, leaving Norway the only Nordic country not to do so. Finland joins the UK, France, Denmark, Sweden and Belgium in publishing policies restricting fossil fuel finance to deliver on the COP26 commitment, building momentum ahead of the COP27 UN climate summit in Egypt next month. Countries that have yet to deliver on their promise to end fossil fuel finance include the USA, Canada, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands. Analysis shows that if all Glasgow Statement signatories live up to their commitment this will directly shift USD 28 billion a year out of fossil fuels and into clean energy, which will help shift even larger sums of public and private finance. This would also help raise pressure on the countries that are lagging behind. Laggards include Japan ($10.9 bn/yr), Korea ($10.6 bn/yr), and China ($7.6 bn/yr), which are the largest providers of international public fossil fuel finance in the G20 and together account for 46% of G20 and MDB finance for fossil fuels. The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), one of the biggest EU fossil fuel financiers, is also missing. Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) are the worst public finance actors on fossil fuels, with G20 ECAs having supported 11 times more in fossil fuels (USD 40.1 billion) than in renewable energy (USD 3.5 billion) from 2018-2020, effective leadership in aligning ECAs with climate goals is desperately needed. The E3F Transparency report outlines that from 2015-2020, E3F members supported almost 175 billion Euros in fossil fuels compared to only 20 billion Euros in renewables.

https://priceofoil.org/2022/10/12/finland-joins-growing-list-of-countries-restri...


Friends of the Earth US asks Biden to "RELEASE THE GUIDANCE!"

(Friends of the Earth US, Washington, 24 October 2022) Friends of the Earth US has produced a 16 page backgrounder on U.S. international energy finance ahead of the COP27 Deadline to Stop Funding Fossils. From 2010 to 2021, the United States’ major trade and development finance institutions, the U.S. Export Import Bank (EXIM) and U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC), provided almost five times as much support to fossil fuels as to renewables – USD 51.6 billion compared to USD 10.9 billion. Since taking office, the Biden-Harris Administration have made a series of commitments, executive orders, and guidances towards ending this international public finance for fossil fuels. Unfortunately, the administration’s actions have yet not matched their promises on ending these influential financial flows that prolong the fossil fuel era. In this briefing, Friends of the Earth USA review what is known about the current U.S. policy guidance, unpack trends in recent energy finance from EXIM and DFC, identify specific fossil fuel projects and loopholes that appear to be under consideration, and make recommendations for how the U.S. can still implement their commitments with integrity and on time. Most critically, Biden’s interim guidance detailing how these promises will be implemented has not been made publicly available since it was put in place in December 2021, and it appears to leave substantial loopholes open for continued support for gas and oil. The Biden-Harris Administration can avoid undermining international progress on this issue by releasing a publicly available policy that fully ends international public finance for fossil fuels by COP27 in November.

https://foeus.wpenginepowered.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/10/US_International_En...


Italy pushes to weaken European fossil fuel financing pledge

(Reuters, Brussels, 2 November 2022) Italy is attempting to weaken a pledge 10 European governments intend to make to stop export credit support for fossil fuel projects. The pressure from Italy comes as delegates from nearly 200 countries prepare for a United Nations climate change summit next week in Egypt, where world leaders will attempt to agree tougher action to tackle global warming. A group of ministers planned to make a joint statement on November 3rd committing to end public trade and export finance support for overseas fossil fuel projects by the end of 2022. The countries, which together make up the "Export Finance for Future" group, are Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Britain. [Delays in the statement's release point to controversial negotiations.] A draft of the governments' statement, seen by Reuters, said they would agree to end new direct official trade and export finance support for "exploration, production, transportation, storage, refining, distribution of coal, crude oil, natural gas, and unabated power generation". Three sources familiar with the discussions told Reuters Italy had asked to remove the list specifying which fossil fuel activities would lose such support. "Italy objects that there is no consistency between the objective of achieving strategic autonomy from Russia and the impossibility of financing the necessary infrastructure," an official briefed on Rome's position told Reuters. Italy's export credit agency SACE declined to comment. As countries attempt to balance fighting climate change with their short-term response to the energy crisis, some - including Germany - have suggested new investments in gas fields are needed. Countries are still negotiating the draft statement, which could change before it is published. Italy was the biggest backer of fossil fuels within the group, committing 8.4 billion euros in the period - with downstream oil and gas projects and gas-fuelled power plants among the projects. Italy is also moving to keep a Lukoil-owned refinery in business despite new sanctions against Russia kicking in next month.  On September 30 the European Commission approved, under EU State aid rules, a €2 billion Italian scheme for the reinsurance of natural gas and electricity trade credit risk in the context of Russia's war against Ukraine. A hard right coalition that includes pro-Russian voices just took power in Italy after running a campaign focused on energy costs and inflation.

https://www.reuters.com/business/cop/exclusive-italy-pushes-weaken-fossil-fuel-f...


German ECA supported defense system for Egypt diverted to Ukraine

(Military Africa, Nigeria, 13 October 2022) Germany has sent a consignment of IRIS-T surface-to-air defence system initially meant for Egypt to Ukraine to protect critical assets following the Russian invasion of the country. Egypt paid for the IRIS-T air defence system in 2019 after Germany’s Bundestag’s Budget Committee gave its approval for an export credit guarantee for six A-200 vessels, thereby clearing a path for the frigate deal to go ahead. The export credit provides guarantees of up to 2.3 billion euros for the transaction.

https://www.military.africa/2022/10/egypts-iris-t-air-defence-battery-has-been-d...


Korean Eximbank holds OECD Environmental and Social Practitioners' Meeting

(Korea Times, Soeul, 24 October 2022) The Export-Import Bank of Korea (Eximbank) is holding a meeting of environmental and social practitioners October 24-25 to help address environmental and social issues when providing officially supported export credits. Eximbank is co-hosting the 46th OECD Environmental and Social Practitioners' Meeting in Seoul jointly with the Korea Trade Insurance Corporation. The meetings have been held at the OECD headquarters in Paris in the first half of each year, while the meetings for the second half are held in one of the member countries. Around 50 experts from 25 OECD member countries are participating, sharing ideas to evaluate the environmental and social impact of projects and policies and practices related to due diligence where official export credit support is requested, as well as minimizing such impact. A Korean Eximbank employee was appointed in 2018 as chair of the OECD Working Party on Export Credits and Credit Guarantees, an entity established in 1963 under the Trade Committee of the OECD

https://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/biz/2022/11/602_338467.html


South Korean ECAs challenged during National Assembly session about Barossa Project

(Friends of the Earch US, Washington, 24 October 2022) During the annual National Assembly audit this month, Korea Export-Import Bank (KEXIM) and Korea Trade Insurance Corporation (K-SURE) were questioned by assembly members on their decision to finance the Barossa gas project in Australia. The Barossa project, spearheaded by Australia’s Santos and Korea’s SK E&S, was recently ordered to halt drilling after the Australian Federal Court decided Traditional Owners had not been properly consulted. While both KEXIM and K-SURE have approved a total of USD 660 million (KRW 800 billion) of additional financing for the project, the financial deal has not been closed yet. During this year’s National Assembly audit session, K-SURE was reprimanded for violating international environmental regulations and was questioned on the Ministry of Environment’s greenwashing ruling around SK E&S’ advertisements about Barossa gas. K-SURE stated that it screened the project in accordance with international guidelines and Australian law. It also claimed that if Santos loses its Barossa drilling appeal heard at the Australian Federal Court, it will likely decide whether to proceed with its financing. A hearing from a National Assembly member revealed that K-SURE was aware of the lack of Indigenous consultation but relied on the words of project owners and commercial banks supporting the gas project, showing a passive review process in deciding to provide billions of wons' worth of taxpayer money. With continued criticism from assembly members, the Chairman of K-SURE stated that the agency will comprehensively review various risks associated with the project before deciding whether to extend the expiration date of its financing approval, which is January 2023.  Environmental activists have continued to demand the cancellation of public financing toward the Barossa gas project.




Trade unions call for a just net-zero aviation transition including ECA support for aviation finance

(IndustriALL, Geneva, 14 October 2022) International and European trade unions welcome a new global agreement for net-zero carbon aviation emissions by 2050, but call for stronger commitments at country level, including on social criteria. No worker or region should be left behind, we need a Just Transition for all! In the run up to the September 2022 41st General Assembly of ICAO, unions worked together to draft joint trade union demands. The working paper submitted to ICAO by trade unions called for a Just Transition for a zero-carbon future which emphasised the need for the decarbonisation of the aviation industry to be managed in a socially responsible way. It called for quality social dialogue, investment into training and the creation of sectoral action plans by social partners with the relevant authorities. In March 2021, unions pointed out that airline passenger demand fell 65% in 2020 compared to the previous year and the demand for commercial aerospace products had also fallen dramatically, resulting in hundreds of thousands of workers in the sectors beening laid off and noting that export credit agency support was critical for restoring employment levels.

https://www.industriall-union.org/aviation-unions-welcome-global-agreement-on-ne...


Cesce and Alstom sign a strategic agreement to promote green exports

(WebWire, Atlanta, 12 October 2022) Cesce, the Spanish Export Credit Agency, will support France's Alstom Group’s export activities focused on green projects with a dedicated amount of €500 million. -The agreement seeks to strengthen and consolidate the Spanish railway industrial footprint, in which Alstom is a key player with more than 3,000 employees in Spain and a volume of local purchases close to 700 million euros in the last year. The agreement provides for an overall annual maximum of €500 million and will be reviewed on a yearly basis, depending on the evolution of employment levels, investment and exports of Alstom Group companies in Spain. The agreement's scope focuses on green operations, in line with Cesce’s climate change policy, the importance of promoting sustainable mobility initiatives and the need to boost digitalisation and sector transformation for a decarbonised future.

https://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=295352


Loss of ECA finance harms lower impact deep water oil and gas says offshore chief

(UpStream Online, Oslo, 3 October 2022) The world needs to put the right emphasis onto the security aspect of energy policy, with deep-water oil and gas developments playing a key role in this reset, Bruno Chabas, head of Dutch floating production giant SBM Offshore told an audience at the Rio Oil & Gas event on Tuesday. Deep-water developments are one of the segments that can best respond to the global demand for hydrocarbons with lower break-even, lower environmental impact and lower carbon intensity, he argued. Investment levels for oil and gas are recovering somewhat after declining drastically, Chabas said, but he warned that financing will continue to face constraints such as the decision by the European Union and other key countries to end any access to export credit agency (ECA) financing for fossil fuels. “If ECAs are unable to finance oil and gas projects, this just leaves the commercial banks, but they too want to be on the side of decarbonisation,” Chabas said. Deep-water oil production currently runs at about 8.3 million barrels per day, representing 8% of global output, with Brazil representing about 36% of that. [The relative dangers and advantages of offshore vs onshore drilling is a controversial subject.]

https://www.upstreamonline.com/politics/deep-water-oil-and-gas-have-a-key-role-t...


GTR: Export finance in a post-pandemic world

(Global Trade Review, London, 26 October 2022) After a period of unprecedented disruption, the export finance market is now firmly focused on recovery, growth and innovation. The latest edition of GTR’s annual export finance roundtable gathered a group of regional and global industry heads to discuss the evolving role of export credit agencies (ECAs), changing patterns around claims, and the ever-growing importance of environmental, social and governance (ESG) reforms. This piece provides a twelve page GTR report/summary of a 7 person roundtable. In another GTR review, they note that in the wake of the pandemic, export credit agencies shifted their offerings and increased their exposure to domestic transactions. Some are now looking to regear these programmes to support wider government policies, such as bolstering manufacturing or tackling the climate crisis. As they do so, concerns are growing about over-concentration in certain sectors and the neglect of developing markets.

https://www.gtreview.com/magazine/the-export-finance-issue-2022/export-finance-i...


Russia may start providing ECA finance to importers of its grain

(Reuters, Moscow, 3 October 2022) Russia may start providing trade finance to importers of its grain as sanctions imposed on Moscow since it sent troops to Ukraine affect this financial instrument, Agriculture Minister Dmitry Patrushev said. Russia, the world's largest wheat exporter, is working with Russia's Eximbank and the Russian agency for export credit and investment insurance "to provide financing to foreign companies for the purchase of our products", Patrushev told the RBC business daily. Speaking about farmers being among those drafted into the military in Russia's partial mobilisation at a busy time in the sowing season, Patrushev said his ministry would make efforts to ensure the smooth running of the farming industry.

https://www.reuters.com/markets/commodities/russia-may-start-providing-trade-fin...


Ukraine calls on banks to support exports through new ECA mechanisms

(GMK Center, 30 September 2022) The Ministry of Economy calls on banks to support Ukrainian exports of goods, works and services during the war, using the products of the Export Credit Agency (ECA). The Ministry, together with the National Bank, developed a mechanism that allows issuing affordable loans for the implementation of export contracts without collateral under ECA insurance coverage. The agency launched the portfolio insurance mechanism for loans issued for the export contracts execution in June 2022. Today, financial support for export-oriented businesses is provided by Oschadbank, Ukrgasbank and Ukreximbank. As the first deputy prime minister – Minister of Economy Yulia Sviridenko noted, they have already financed the insurance of 24 loan contracts for UAH 70 million (US$1.9 m), which made it possible to export UAH 323.5 million (US$8.76 m). As GMK Center reported earlier, Ukraine expects to receive an additional $12.3 billion in financial support from the United States.

https://gmk.center/en/news/ministry-of-economy-calls-on-banks-to-support-ukraini...


Brazilian ECA to fund Embraer aircraft exports to SkyWest

Brazilian state development bank BNDES and planemaker Embraer SA (EMBR3.SA) have entered a deal for the lender to fund exports of six E-175 jets to U.S.-based carrier SkyWest Inc (SKYW.O), the bank's managing director told Reuters. Bruno Aranha said in an interview that the loan was modeled as a post-shipment export credit, through which BNDES will fund the exports and SkyWest assume the debt. Aranha said the bank could also help funding exports of Embraer's KC-390 military aircraft ahead, though noting that such deals could take longer to be completed as they would involve foreign nations and their public sectors.

https://www.reuters.com/business/aerospace-defense/brazil-state-bank-fund-embrae...


Saudi Electricity Company lands Swedish ECA backed finance for Egypt electricity interconnection

(Global Trade Review, London, 28 September 2022) Saudi Electricity Company has signed a US$566.4mn export ECA backed facility agreement with Standard Chartered Bank and Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation to support a Saudi Arabia-Egypt electricity interconnection project. The 14-year financing is guaranteed by the Swedish Export Credit Agency (EKN) and funded by the Swedish Export Credit Corporation (SEK). The landmark facility is structured on the concept of commodity murabaha – a cost-plus-profit arrangement which complies with Islamic finance standards. Coming after the two countries signed US$1.8bn worth of contracts in Cairo last year to build transmission plants and connect power grids, the electricity interconnection project is the first large-scale, high-voltage direct current interconnection between the Middle East and North Africa. Once completed, the project will allow Saudi Arabia and Egypt to exchange up to 3,000 MW of power.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/mena/saudi-electricity-company-lands-eca-backed-fi...


What's New September 2022

What's New!" is a periodic update to keep you informed of the latest on the ECA Watch website. What's New! features a wide range of materials related to the reform of Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) including NGO publications and releases, news articles, commentaries and announcements about the policies and practices of ECAs and ECA-financed projects world-wide.

If you would like to receive "What's New!" simply add your e-mail to the ECA-Action list at www.eca-watch.org today!

Questions? Email info-at-eca-watch.org

See all "What's New!" updates since 2005 here.

  • France restricts oil & gas finance to meet climate commitments, piling pressure on Germany USA Canada to follow suit
  • Sweden restricts ECA fossil fuel finance to deliver on climate commitment
  • Berne Union report warns of dwindling risk appetite over Ukraine related claims
  • Ukraine seeks $400 billion for foreign investment & export credit
  • U.S. EXIM Bank  Ukraine pledge cooperation on financing reconstruction
  • EXIM strategy: Climate change,  China, OECD ECA backsliding challenge competitiveness
  • Sri Lanka’s Chinese debt making international headlines
  • China’s no new coal power overseas pledge one year on
  • EU challenges China’s Belt and Road with €300bn Global Gateway
  • Iranian & Russian ECAs ink agreement to facilitate trade
  • India has $5 bn new export opportunity in Russia
  • US exports face empty container pile-up as supply chains recover
  • The role of ECAs in financing the transition to net zero
  • TFG partners with UKEF and DIT to create a trade and export finance guide
  • Chilean firm to receive Korean ECA $100 million fund for stable Australian lithium supply to South Korean firms

France restricts oil & gas finance to meet climate commitments, piling pressure on Germany, USA, Canada to follow suit

(Oil Change International, Washington, 26 September 2022) the French Government has published a new policy that restricts public finance for fossil fuels from the French export credit agency, BPIFrance. This policy is meant to implement France’s commitment to end international public finance for fossil fuels by the end of 2022, which it made at the UN Climate Conference in Glasgow last year along with 38 other countries and financial institutions (The Glasgow Statement). The French Development Agency (AFD), which is also subject to the Glasgow commitment, had already adopted a near-complete fossil fuel exclusion in 2019. The policy – which will be enacted in law through the French Government’s budget – is a landmark win for French campaigners who have been calling for an end to French export finance for fossil fuel projects for years. In addition, it builds pressure on fellow Glasgow Statement signatories to keep their promise and announce their Glasgow-compliant policies by the upcoming COP27 UN Climate Conference in Egypt. So far, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Belgium, Sweden and now France have published policies to implement their Glasgow commitment. The new policy implements a commitment made at last year’s UN Climate Conference to end almost all French government-backed financing for international fossil fuel projects, responsible for €9.3bn in public finance for oil and gas between 2009 and 2019

https://priceofoil.org/2022/09/26/france-restricts-oil-and-gas-finance-to-meet-c...


Sweden restricts ECA fossil fuel finance to deliver on climate commitment

(Oil Change International, Washington, 20 September 2022) At the COP26 United Nations Climate Conference in Glasgow, 39 countries and institutions signed up to the Glasgow Statement, committing themselves to ending “new direct public support for the international unabated fossil fuel energy sector by the end of 2022, except in limited and clearly defined circumstances that are consistent with a 1.5°C warming limit and the goals of the Paris Agreement.” The initiative has the potential to shift $39 billion a year out of fossil fuel projects and into clean energy if countries keep their promises. As the deadline for implementing the Statement looms, the Swedish export credit agencies, SEK and EKN, have released an updated policy. A previously-released policy aligned Swedfund – the Swedish development finance institution – with the Glasgow Statement.

https://priceofoil.org/2022/09/20/sweden-public-finance-policy/


Berne Union report warns of dwindling risk appetite over Ukraine related claims

(Global Trade Review, London, 31 August 2022) Rising geopolitical risk is driving up demand for export credit insurance, says a new Berne Union study, which warns that the market is bracing for a wave of Ukraine-related claims. According to the association’s latest ‘Business Confidence Index’ report, providers of short, as well as medium and long-term credit and political risk insurance, have seen “strong” levels of demand this year. The quarterly analysis, based on a survey of the Berne Union’s more than 80 members – including export credit agencies, private credit insurers and multilateral financial institutions – reveals that requests for short-term cover have been especially robust. “Payment delays directly caused by the war are materialising for some insurers and there is a general expectation that liquidity constraints and higher interest rates will lead to increasing insolvencies in the third quarter,” the report says. In a world where roughly 15% of trade is protected by insurance, eyes are often on the trade credit insurance stage.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/global/credit-insurers-warn-of-dwindling-risk-appe...


Ukraine seeks $400 billion for foreign investment & export credit

(Pipa News, Pakistan,7 September 2022) Ukraine has begun attracting foreign investment of up to $400 billion in projects across the economy, even as it faces a protracted war with Russia and a slump in production. The Kiev government has identified hundreds of technology, agribusiness, clean energy, defense, metallurgy and natural resources initiatives that it hopes will attract international investors, backed by loan guarantees and insurance from Western donors. Ukrainian officials recognize that Western investors need protection. They want access to World Bank war risk insurance products and Western export credit institutions to provide guarantees.

https://pipanews.com/ukraine-launches-400-billion-for-foreign-investment-financi...


U.S. EXIM Bank, Ukraine pledge cooperation on financing, reconstruction

(Reuters, Washington, 30 August 2022) The head of the EXIM and a senior Ukrainian development minister have pledged to keep working on U.S. financing opportunities to support Ukraine's energy security and infrastructure, the export credit agency said. The meeting between EXIM Chair Reta Jo Lewis and Ukrainian Minister for Communities and Territories Development Oleksiy Chernyshov came exactly a year after EXIM and Ukraine signed a memorandum of understanding to identify $3 billion in EXIM-supported export financing projects for Ukraine, including road, rail and energy infrastructure. In March, less than a month after Russia's invasion started, EXIM and its fellow export credit agencies in Britain and Canada withdrew all new export credit support for Russia and Belarus.

https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/us-exim-bank-ukraine-pledge-cooperation-fin...


EXIM strategy: Climate change, China, OECD ECA backsliding challenge competitiveness

TFX, London, 14 September 2022) The most recent edition of US EXIM’s Competitiveness Report makes plain that although US EXIM medium- and long-term support has grown since obtaining a quorum in 2019, much more must be done to advance America’s export competitiveness in an era of volatility and crowded competition. Released at the end of June, there were few surprises in the focus of the 55th edition of US EXIM’s Competitiveness Report – in short, climate change and US exporters facing increased competition from Chinese companies backed by historic levels of their government’s financing. But if the focus was no surprise, the wider scope of the challenges facing US EXIM was. The key point is that China is not US EXIM’s only problem. By not complying with OECD rules China has induced other countries to follow suit, skewing the competitive landscape. Indeed, many European ECAs have extended and developed their pandemic flexibility, offering new and innovative support for domestic and foreign exporters that don’t necessarily meet the terms of the OECD arrangement. As such US EXIM faces considerable challenges facilitating a level playing field.

https://www.txfnews.com/articles/7440/ECA-strategy-Can-US-EXIM-raise-its-global-...


Sri Lanka’s Chinese debt making international headlines

(The Island, Colombo, 9 September 2022) Sri Lanka’s debt to China is making headlines in international and local media again. Media reports partly blame China and its lending practices, for Sri Lanka’s debt crisis, says a Verité Research media release. It said: The publication titled: “The Lure of Chinese Loans: Sri Lanka’s experiment with a special framework to finance its infrastructure” sheds light on the perils of creating frameworks to facilitate deviations from competitive bidding to tap into concessional export credit from emerging economies such as China. The report analyses the design and execution of the special framework and finds that the lack of rigour in the evaluation process and the ability of decision-makers to exercise excessive discretion made the framework highly prone to abuse and misuse.

https://island.lk/sri-lankas-chinese-debt-making-international-headlines/


China’s no new coal power overseas pledge, one year on

(China Dialogue, London (Beijing?), 22 September 2020) Reform of investment and financing models still needed in order to better support green transitions. On 21 September 2021, China’s president, Xi Jinping, told the UN General Assembly via video link that China would increase support for green and low-carbon energy in developing countries, and not build any new coal-fired power projects overseas. China has been a major builder of coal power plants around the world, often providing both the finance and the technology. The Exim Bank of China, the China Development Bank (CDB) and the China Export and Credit Insurance Corporation (Sinosure) are the main state-owned financial institutions funding overseas projects, and as such have been quick to respond to the change in government policy. Exim Bank has successfully issued 3 billion yuan (US$425 million) in green bonds earmarked for clean energy investment. The Green Belt and Road Initiative Center provides research, analyses and information on the policies, economics, environment, sustainability and green finance of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) - also known as Silk Road Initiative. The Green BRI Center is part of the International Institute for Green Finance (IIGF) of the Central University of Finance and Economics (CUFE) in Beijing.

https://chinadialogue.net/en/energy/chinas-no-new-coal-power-overseas-pledge-one...


EU challenges China’s Belt and Road with €300bn Global Gateway

(Business News East, Berlin, 2 December 2021) The European Commission on December 1 revealed details of the EU’s €300bn ($340bn) Global Gateway Strategy, a global investment plan hailed as a "true alternative" to China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI, or B&R). China has funded railways, roads and ports as BRI projects but it has come under fire from critics who say Beijing leaves some countries weighed down with loans they cannot hope to pay off. A centre-piece of Chinese foreign policy, BRI is accused of spreading “debt-trap diplomacy”. Critics of Global Gateway say in many ways it amounts to a repackaging of cash. As China pushes back against claims of "debt-trap diplomacy", the European Commission thinks it can sell Global Gateway as a "trusted brand".

https://www.bne.eu/eu-challenges-china-s-belt-and-road-with-300bn-global-gateway...


Iranian & Russian ECAs ink agreement to facilitate trade

(Tehran Times, Tehran, 10 September 2022) The Export Guarantee Fund of Iran (EGFI) has signed an agreement with the Russian Agency for Export Credit and Investment Insurance (EXIAR) with the aim of facilitating exports and providing the necessary guarantees for the development of trade between the two countries. According to Peyman-Pak of Iran's Trade Promotion Organization,, the agreement is signed with the aim of helping the traders of the two countries to use export insurance as an alternative to letters of credit (LC) and to reduce the risk of trade between the two countries. Emphasizing that the agreement has no credit limit and the signatories can issue guarantees up to one billion dollars, Peyman-Pak said: “This achievement has been made in line with the efforts of Trade Promotion Organization and Export Guarantee Fund of Iran to facilitate trade between the two countries of Iran and Russia.” It is not know if this agreement could include cover for Iran's alledged sale of military drones to Russia.

https://www.tehrantimes.com/news/476576/EGFI-inks-agreement-with-Russia-s-EXIAR-...


India has $5 bn new export opportunity in Russia

(Fortune India, Gurugram, 15 September 2022) With Europe maintaining trade sanctions on Russia, India has the potential to export $5 billion worth of goods to Russia in the next 12 months, A Shakhtivel, President, Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO) has said. The export demand is high and supplies can start as soon as the rupee payment mechanism gets operationalised, he added. Russia now accounts for 18% of India’s crude imports; up from 1%  The ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict may open up a $22.5 billion worth export opportunity across 83 commodities for India, says an analysis carried out by MVIRDC World Trade Centre, Mumbai.

https://www.fortuneindia.com/macro/india-has-5-bn-new-export-opportunity-in-russ...


US exports face empty container pile-up as supply chains recover

(Global Trade Review, London, 21 September 2022) Analysts are warning that ports in North America could become overwhelmed by a build-up of empty containers, as trans-Pacific supply chains and transportation times gradually return to pre-pandemic levels. The average time taken to deliver cargo soared to 112 days in February this year, nearly three times the average before Covid-19 struck, according to Denmark-based research and analysis firm Sea-Intelligence. As of late August, the most recent point for which data is available, that figure had dropped to 88 days.

https://www.gtreview.com/news/americas/us-ports-face-empty-container-pile-up-as-...


The role of ECAs in financing the transition to net zero

(Global Policy Journal, Durham, 23 September 2022) There is no net-zero world without a sustainable trading system, and trade finance is estimated to contribute to between 80–90% of all world trade. The first steps toward green ECAs have been taken, with the agreement announced at COP26 to end export credit support of unabated coal-fired power plants and the first net zero commitments to be made by [some] leading ECAs. In the coming months, there is an opportunity for the broader ECA community to step into the net zero-fold and work with private finance, policy makers, scientists, and civil society to accelerate an orderly and just transition to a net zero global economy. Our world depends on it. [Read the full 6 page report here. However, climate scientists warned in 2021 that the concept of net zero is a dangerous trap, noting that  “Net zero” is the point at which any residual emissions of greenhouse gases are balanced by technologies removing them from the atmosphere. This is a great idea, in principle. Unfortunately, in practice it helps perpetuate a belief in technological salvation and diminishes the sense of urgency surrounding the need to curb emissions now.]

https://www.globalpolicyjournal.com/articles/world-economy-trade-and-finance/rol...


TFG partners with UKEF and DIT to create a trade and export finance guide

(Trade Finance Global, London, 6 September 2022) Trade Finance Global (TFG) has partnered with UK Export Finance (UKEF), the UK government’s export credit agency, and Department for International Trade (DIT) to produce the UK Trade & Export Finance Guide. The 60-page guide comes against a backdrop of complex geopolitical circumstances and an ever-changing financial landscape. Exploring recent issues, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, Brexit, and the current Russia-Ukraine conflict, this guide aims to paint a clearer picture of how to navigate the current economic status of the industry.

https://www.tradefinanceglobal.com/posts/tfg-partners-with-ukef-and-dit-to-creat...


Chilean firm to receive Korean ECA $100 million fund for stable Australian lithium supply to South Korean firms

(Aju Business Daily, Seoul, 7 September 2022) Korea Eximbank, an official export credit agency in South Korea, will provide a fund of $100 million to SQM, a Chilean supplier of plant nutrients, iodine, lithium and industrial chemicals, to help ensure a stable supply of lithium for domestic battery and cathode material makers. The fund including $55 million in loans and $45 million in guarantees will be used to invest in SQM's development of lithium mines in Australia and the renovation and expansion of production facilities. SQM, one of the world’s biggest lithium producers, should supply lithium worth about $470 million to South Korean companies for 10 years.

https://www.ajudaily.com/view/20220907165152475


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